Prevalence of leishmaniasis in urban and semi urban areas of Peshawar, Pakistan

Prevalence of leishmaniasis in urban and semi urban areas of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract

 leishmaniasis is an important medical health problem caused by an obligate intra-macrophage protozoan that spreads through the bite of female sand-fly to humans. It is recognized by both variety as well as complexity and is caused by more than 20 species which is spread to individuals by 30 different species of phlebotomies (Diptera, Psychodidae) and flies. In case of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) one or several ulcer(s) or nodule(s) on the patient's skin are observed.1 In majority of the cases of CL, L. tropica, L. mexicana and L. amazonensisare involved. The two main phases of the life cycle of leishmania are; the promastigotes and amastigote. Leishmaniasis is endemic in developing as well as in developed countries and is found in all other continents except Australia and Antarctica. In Pakistan, Anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is highly prevalent and cases were found in all provinces of Pakistan.2 

No. of Pages
754-755.
Volume
69
Author's Details
Mubasher Rehman 1, Shahzad Ahmad 1, Qismat Shakeela 2, Nasir Abbas 1, Zeeshan Niaz 1
Research Field
Microbiology