Raphanus sativus Mediated Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Evaluation of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

Raphanus sativus Mediated Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Evaluation of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

Abstract

Biological synthesis of nanoparticles employing plants and their extracts is cheap and eco-friendly
technique as compared to physical and chemical procedures that are expensive and hazardous to
the environment. In this study, Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were synthesized using leaf extract
of Raphanus sativus. Energy Dispersive X-ray, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Diffraction
were used for characterization. In-vitro, antibacterial activity against, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus, and
antifungal activity against, Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus were investigated. Furthermore,
the influence of precursor salt and capping agent concentrations on the size, morphology and
subsequently on the antimicrobial activity of nanoparticles was examined by synthesizing six samples of ZnO nanoparticles at varying concentrations of zinc sulphate heptahydrate (ZnSO4 · 7H2O)
and R. sativus leaf extract. Synthesized nanoparticles were spherical shaped and their size and
agglomeration inclined with increasing zinc sulphate concentration, while declined with increasing
R. sativus leaf extract. The antimicrobial results varied with the size and concentration of ZnO
nanoparticles proving that these are two significant factors affecting their antimicrobial activity. The
work reported in this paper demonstrates that R. sativus leaf extract can be successfully employed
for the synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles for their antimicrobial applications.
 

No. of Pages
2005-2012
Volume
9
Author's Details
Sadia Akbar, Kashif Syed Haleem, Isfahan Tauseef, Wajid Rehman, Nasir Ali, and Murtaza Hasan
Research Field
Microbiology