An overview of the plant-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles and their antimicrobial potential

An overview of the plant-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles and their antimicrobial potential

Abstract

ABSTRACT
The emergence of resistance by microorganisms to multiple antibiotics and the development of
alternative strategies to control the growth of detrimental microorganisms have led to the introduction
of nanoparticles as novel antimicrobial agents. Nanoparticles exhibit distinct chemical,
physical and biological properties from their bulk counterparts which owe to their huge scope of
applications in various areas of science and technology. Zinc oxide nanoparticles, one of the multifunctional
inorganic nanoparticles, have attained ample interest for their vast applications, especially
as antimicrobials. Keeping in view the potential applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles, a
variety of physical and chemical approaches have been applied for their construction. Green
synthesis approach employing plants have emerged as a reliable, low cost, biocompatible and
eco-friendly method for the construction of zinc oxide nanoparticles. The present review provides
an overview of various reports of the plant-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles, and
their antimicrobial applications.

No. of Pages
257-271
Volume
50
Author's Details
Sadia Akbar, Isfahan Tauseef, Fazli Subhan, Nighat Sultana, Ibrar Khan, Umair Ahmed &Kashif Syed Haleem
Research Field
Microbiology