Available courses

Textbook:

  • Harvey Lodish, Arnold Berk, Paul Matsudaira, Chris A. Kaiser, Monty Krieger, Matthew P. Scott, Lawrence Zipursky, James Darnell-Molecular Cell Biology-W. H. Freeman (2008)

Course Detail

  • Genome structure, Prokaryote and Eukaryote gene, molecular definition of a gene.
  • Solitary genes and gene families, three major fractions of genome.
  • Simple sequence repeats and finger printing.
  • Eukaryotic Gene Clusters and their Transcription.
  • Transposable genetic elements.
  • DNA methylation and Cancer.
  • Repeat instability and genetic diseases.
  • Imprinting.
  • Epigenetics and its implications in the genome.
  • Replication and Transcription shaping the genome.
  • Telomere and Telomerase and their role in cancer and aging, applications.
  • RNA interference.
  • RNAi mediated pathways in nucleus.
  • Therapeutic potential for human diseases.

The theory of Hilbert spaces was initiated by David Hilbert (1862–1943) in his

1912 work on quadratic forms in infinitelymany variables, which he applied to

the theory of integral equations. He published a series of papers on the subject

during 1904–1910 and formulated the theory of the space l2 (square summable

sequences) in connection with integral equations. The idea of the l2-space and

the spectral theory of bounded quadratic forms were published in 1906. All

these papers were reproduced in the form of a book entitled Grundzüge einer

allgemeinen Theorie der linearen Integralgleichungen in 1912. The book had a

tremendous influence on mathematical analysis and its applications.

Years later, John von Neumann (1903–1957) first formulated an axiomatic

theory of Hilbert spaces and developed the modern theory of operators on

Hilbert spaces. His remarkable contribution to this area has provided the

mathematical foundation of quantum mechanics. Von Neumann’s work has

also provided a physical interpretation of quantum mechanics in terms of abstract

relations in an infinite dimensional Hilbert space.

This course is concerned with Spectral theory of Hilbert spaces. The basic ideas and properties

will be discussed with special attention given to pre-Hilbert spaces, orthonormal systems and operator theory. The

theory is illustrated by numerous examples.

Geol. 351                             SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY               Cr. Hrs: 3

Course Objectives

The course is designed to familiarize students with various types of stratigraphic sequences and their relation with the sea-level changes. 

Course Contents

Concepts and Principles

·         Relative sea-level, tectonics and eustacy

·         Sediment supply

·         Sequences and System tracts

·         High resolution sequence stratigraphy and Parasequences

·         Significance of sequence stratigraphy

Basic Concepts of Seismic Stratigraphy

·         Seismic Interpretation

·         Seismic Reflection Patterns

·         Recognition of system tracts on seismic data

Various approaches of Sequence Stratigraphy

·         Clastic and carbonate sequence stratigraphy

·         Time stratigraphy

·         Genetic sequence stratigraphy

·         Fluvial sequence stratigraphy

·         Sequence stratigraphy in core and wire line data sets

Sequence Stratigraphy in Basins

·         Application of sequence stratigraphy in tectonically active basins and in hydrocarbon exploration

·         Importance of trace fossils in sequence stratigraphy

Labs

·         Picking/identification of sequence boundaries

·         Seismic facies

·         Identification of sequences

·         Core analysis and wireline logs

 Recommended Books

1)    Reflection Seismology: A Tool for Energy Resource Exploration by Kenneth H. Waters, 1981, Wiley and Sons.

2)    Silici-clastic Sequence Stratigraphy in Well Logs, Cores and Out Cops by Van Wagoner, J.C., and Others, 1990. Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., Meth Explo., Ser. No. 7, 55pp.

3)    Sequence Stratigraphy by Emery D. & Myers K.J., 1996. Oxford, Blackwell Science.

4)    The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences by Miall, A.D., 1997.

5)    Applied Stratigraphy by EAM Koutsoukos, 2005. Springer

6)    Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy by Catuneanu O., 2006.


Geol. 403                                                                                                                   Cr. Hrs. 2+1

The course is designed to familiarize students with some important microfossils that are part of geological records, especially in the rock units of Pakistan.

Course contents

Introduction

Morphology and Classification

  • Calcareous foraminifera, Nannoplanktons, Ostracodes
  • Phosphate conodonts and other phosphatic microfossils
  • Organic dinoflagellates, spores and pollen
  • Chitinozoa
  • Radiolarians

Role of micropaleontology in the interpretation of environments of deposition and history of the basin

Tertiary biostratigraphy with special reference to Pakistan

Recommended Books

1.    Invertebrate fossils by Moore, R.C., Lalicker, C.G., & Fischer, A.G., McGraw Hill, 1952

2.    An Introduction to Marine Paleontology by Bilal U. Haq, Anne Boersma, Second Edition, March 26, 1998.

3.    Foraminifera, their classification and economic use with illustrated key to the genera by Cushman, J.A., Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1959


 


Course code: Geol. 203                                                                                                     Cr. Hrs. 2+1

This course is designed to acquire the knowledge about various types of sedimentary rocks and their diagenesis. This will help students to understand the classification and depositional systems of sedimentary rocks.

Course contents

Introduction to sedimentology

Sedimentary textures

Sedimentary structures

Depositional systems

Classification and description of sedimentary rocks

Provenance of sediments

Diagenesis

Physico-chemical controls of the sedimentary environments

Tectonic control of sedimentation

 

COURSE DETAIL

·         Classification and structure of medically important viruses.

·         Host cells for viral multiplication, productive infections.

·         Introduction to the replication of viral genome.

·         Maturation and release of viruses.

·         Special features of molecular biology, biochemistry and genetics of the  following  viruses:  Picornaviruses,  Poxviruses,  Myxoviruses, Paramyxoviruses,  Rubella  viruses,  Rhabdoviruses,  Reoviruses, Herpes  viruses,  Hepatitis  viruses,  Retroviruses  and  Tumor  viruses (DNA & RNA), Adenoviruses, Coronaviruses.

·         Viruses of Zoonotic significance.

·         Virus-host interactions.

·         Genetics of viruses shift and drift.

·         Diagnostic  procedure  for  viral  infections  including  isolation

·         Identification and serology.

·         Antiviral agents, viral prophylaxis.

·         Interferon and chemotherapeutic agents.

·         Emerging viral infection.

PRACTICALS

1. Chick embryo inoculation.

2. Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

3. Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI).

4. Haemagglutination (HA).

5. Precipitation.

6. Cytopathic effects.

7. Animal inoculation.

8. Fluorescent Antibody Test (FAT).

9. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

1.      Strauss,J. H., Ellen G. Strauss, E.G.,2007. Viruses and Human Disease. Elsevier Science.

2.      Mettenleiter , T.C.,and Francisco Sobrino, F., 2008. Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology . Caister Academic Press

3.      Shi, P.Y.,2012. Molecular Virology and Control of Flaviviruses . Caister Academic Press

4.      Stent,G.S.,  and  Dohm, J.L., 2012.Molecular Biology Of Bacterial Viruses .Literary Licensing, LLC.

Maramorosch,K., and Frederick A. Murphy, F.A., 2013.Advances in Virus Research 

THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Objective:

 

The major purposes of this course are to provide the students with the opportunity to explore international relations in a variety of ways, and to familiarize them with the major theoretical traditions, which explain the world politics. It would enable the students to grasp the main themes of the theories that have been most influential over the past two centuries. It would also explain the recent theoretical work in world politics by providing an up-to-date survey of the foundational and anti-foundational theoretical literature. Thus the learners will be able to understand the main themes of the various theories and be able to assess their comparative strengths and weaknesses.

 

Contents:

 1.          Introduction to Theories, Paradigms, Concepts in International Relations

2.          Islamic Theory of International Relations

 3.          Western Theories:

 •      Realism

 a.     Timeless wisdom of Realism

b.     Essentials of Realism: State, survival and self help

c.      Kinds of Realism: Structural Realism, Historical and Practical Realism, Liberal Realism

 d.     Neo-Realism

 •      Liberalism

a.     Liberal Debate

b.     Varieties of Liberalism: Idealism, Liberal Institutionalism and Liberal Internationalism

c.      Crisis of Liberalism

 •      Marxist Theories

 a.     Essential Elements of Marxist Theories

b.     World System Theory

c.      Dependensia

d.     Gramscianism

e.     Critical theory

f.      Neo-Marxism

 4.          Anti-Foundational Theories

 •      Normative Theory

          Cosmopolitanism

           Communitarianism

 Feminist Theory

 

    1. Liberal feminism
    2. Marxist / Socialist feminism
    3. Post-modern feminism
    4. Stand-point feminism

 

  1. Post-Modernism

 

•      Double-reading

•      Deconstructionism

 

  1. Historical Sociology

 

  1. Social Constructivism

 

Core Books

 

1.          Griffiths, Martin Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, London: Routledge 1999

2.          Robert Owen Keohance, Neoliberalism and its Critics, NY: Columbia University Press, 1986

 3.          Scott Burchill, Theories of International Relations, NY: Palgrave, 2005

 4.          Dougherty Jones and and Robert Pfaltzgraff L Jr., Contending Theories of Intentional Relations, NY: Harper & Row,1981

 5.          Barry Buzan, Ule Waever and Jappe de Wilde, Security: A new Framework for Analysis, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc 1988

 6.          Emma Rothschild, What is Security? Daedalus, Vol. 124, NO. 3 (Summer 1995)

 7.          Art, Robert. nd Kenneth Waltz (eds), The Use of Power: Military Power and International Politics, Lanham: Rowman Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 1999/2004

 8.          Jervis, Robert “Theories of War in an Era of Leading Power Peace, American Political Science Review 96, 1 March 2002): 1-14

 9.          John Mewsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, NY: W.W. Norforvi and Company 2002 (Chs 9 and 10)


OBJECTIVES

·         To understand different systems used for classification of viruses.

·         To learn viral multiplication, pathogenesis and viral oncogenesis.

COURSE DETAIL

·         Classification and structure of medically important viruses.

·         Host cells for viral multiplication, productive infections.

·         Introduction to the replication of viral genome.

·         Maturation and release of viruses.

·         Special features of molecular biology, biochemistry and genetics of the  following  viruses:  Picornaviruses,  Poxviruses,  Myxoviruses, Paramyxoviruses,  Rubella  viruses,  Rhabdoviruses,  Reoviruses, Herpes  viruses,  Hepatitis  viruses,  Retroviruses  and  Tumor  viruses (DNA & RNA), Adenoviruses, Coronaviruses.

·         Viruses of Zoonotic significance.

·         Virus-host interactions.

·         Genetics of viruses shift and drift.

·         Diagnostic  procedure  for  viral  infections  including  isolation

·         Identification and serology.

·         Antiviral agents, viral prophylaxis.

·         Interferon and chemotherapeutic agents.

·         Emerging viral infection.

PRACTICALS

1. Chick embryo inoculation.

2. Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

3. Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI).

4. Haemagglutination (HA).

5. Precipitation.

6. Cytopathic effects.

7. Animal inoculation.

8. Fluorescent Antibody Test (FAT).

9. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

1.      Strauss,J. H., Ellen G. Strauss, E.G.,2007. Viruses and Human Disease. Elsevier Science.

2.      Mettenleiter , T.C.,and Francisco Sobrino, F., 2008. Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology . Caister Academic Press

3.      Shi, P.Y.,2012. Molecular Virology and Control of Flaviviruses . Caister Academic Press

4.      Stent,G.S.,  and  Dohm, J.L., 2012.Molecular Biology Of Bacterial Viruses .Literary Licensing, LLC.

5.      Maramorosch,K., and Frederick A. Murphy, F.A., 2013.Advances in Virus Research  Elsevier Science.


The objective of this course is to introduce the students with the fundamentals of the subject of Political Science and prepare them for advanced studies in the forthcoming semesters. The very basic concepts and terminology commonly used in the further courses of studies are taught to make the students friendly with the subject.


1.            Search for a new Constitution - 1971-73.

2.            A detailed study of the Constitution of 1973 with amendments.

3.            Second parliamentary phase (1972-77): policies of the regime and opposition movements.

4.            Martial Law period(1977-1985)

5.            Revival of democratic system: Nature & Functioning of Parliamentary Democracy (1985-1999)

6.            Military Rule (1999-2008)

7.            New era of Parliamentary Democracy (2008 onwards)


The objective of this course is to introduce the students with the fundamentals of the subject of Political Science and prepare them for advanced studies in the forthcoming semesters. The very basic concepts and terminology commonly used in the further courses of studies are taught to make the students friendly with the subject.


This course focuses on the physical and human environment of Pakistan, its interaction and impact of interaction on both the land and the people. An important part of the course focuses on the actions that people can take to protect and conserve the environment.


The objective of this course is to highlight the significance and to introduce the fundamentals of International Relations to the students.

 

1.            Meaning, Definition and Scope of International Relations

2.            Principles of International Relations in Islam: Study of the Period of Holy Prophet (PBUH) and First Four Caliphs (R.A.) of Islam

3.            Nature, Evolution and Significance of International Relations’ concepts and Ideas

4.            Nation State: Sovereignty and Security

5.            System and Sub-Systems

6.            Foreign Policy, National Interest, and Diplomacy

7.            Power and Balance of Power

8.            Regionalism and Globalization

9.            State and Non-state Actors

10.        Human Rights and International Relations.

11.        Religion, Ethics, Morality and Justice in International Relations

 


  1. Social Change and Development in Pakistan
  2. Social Issues in Pakistan
  3. Social System of Islam Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan
  4. Research Methodology



COURSE OUTLINE:

1. Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratization: A Theoretical View.

2. Pakistan’s Political Parties: their Growth Since 1947.

3. Party Classifications and Manifestos

4. Political Process in Pakistan: Elections and Transfer of Power

5. Public Representation in Pakistan: Role of Political and Non-political Elites

6. Political Parties and Modernization

7. Pressure Groups in Pakistan: their Classifications, Modes of Action and goal-Objectives

Pakistan is a South-Asian developing country. There are a plethora of social issues and problems that are miring Pakistan from development and progress. Some major social problems and issues of Pakistan are: Over-population; Illiteracy; Unemployment; Poverty; Child Labour; Corruption; Lack of Rule of Law; Nepotism; Violence, Terrorism, and Extremism

IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN

COURSE OUTLINE:

1.     Ideology: Definition Origin and Concept

2.     Ideological foundations of Pakistan and Iqbal.

3.     Ideological foundations of Pakistan and Quaid-i-Azam.

4.     Ideological foundations of Pakistan and its Constitution.

5.     Ideology and different spheres of life in Pakistan: Ideals and Realities

·       Political System

·       Social System

·       Economic System

·       Foreign Policy

·       Culture

·       Educational System

·       Individual Character

·       Judicial and Legal System


  1. Social Change and Development in Pakistan
  2. Social Issues in Pakistan
  3. Social System of Islam Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan
  4. Research Methodology


The course is designed to introduce the students with sociological concepts and the discipline. The focus of the course shall be on significant concepts like social systems and structures, socio-economic changes and social processes. The course will provide due foundation for further studies in the field of sociology.


The objective of this course is to highlight the significance and to introduce the fundamentals of International Relations to the students.

 

1.            Meaning, Definition and Scope of International Relations

2.            Principles of International Relations in Islam: Study of the Period of Holy Prophet (PBUH) and First Four Caliphs (R.A.) of Islam

3.            Nature, Evolution and Significance of International Relations’ concepts and Ideas

4.            Nation State: Sovereignty and Security

5.            System and Sub-Systems

6.            Foreign Policy, National Interest, and Diplomacy

7.            Power and Balance of Power

8.            Regionalism and Globalization

9.            State and Non-state Actors

10.        Human Rights and International Relations.

11.        Religion, Ethics, Morality and Justice in International Relations

 


Mobiles Application Development Platform; HTML5 for Mobiles; Android OS: Architecture, Framework and Application Development; iOS: Architecture, Framework; Application Development with Windows Mobile; Eclipse; Fragments; Calling Built-in Applications using Intents; Displaying Notifications; Components of a Screen; Adapting to Display Orientation; Managing Changes to Screen Orientation; Utilizing the Action Bar; Creating the User Interface; Listening for UI Notifications; Views; User Preferences; Persisting Data; Sharing Data; Sending SMS Messages; Getting Feedback; Sending Email; Displaying Maps; Consuming Web Services Using HTTP; Web Services: Accessing and Creating; Threading; Publishing, Android Applications; Deployment on App Stores; Mobile Programming Languages; Challenges with Mobility and Wireless Communication; Location-aware Applications; Performance/Power Tradeoffs; Mobile Platform Constraints; Emerging Technologies..

Mathematical preliminaries and error analysis, round-off errors and computer arithmetic, Calculate Divided Differences. Use Divided-difference Table. Find Newton’s Interpolation Polynomial. Calculate Interpolation with Equally Spaced Data. Find the Difference Table. Calculate, Newton’s Forward & Backward Difference Formulae. Use Gauss Formulae. Use Stirling’s Interpolation Formula. Use Bessel’s Interpolation Formula. Use Everett’s Interpolation Formula. Solve Nonlinear Equations. Solve Equations by Bisection Method. Solve Equations by Regula Falsi Method. Solve Equations by Secant Method. Solve Equations by Newton-Raphson Method. Find Fixed Point Iteration. Solve Equations by Jacobi Iterative Methods. Solve Equations by Gauss Seidel Method Calculate Numerical Differentiation. Find Numerical Differentiation Formulae Based on Equally Spaced Data. Find Numerical Differentiation Based on Newton’s Forward Differences. Find Numerical Differentiation Based on Newton’s Backward Differences. Find Numerical Differentiation Based on Stirling’s Formula. Find Numerical Differentiation Based on Bessel’s Formula. Find Numerical Differentiation Based on

  

       Course Name:                                   DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING 

Credit Hours: 2+1                                                                         Prerequisites: None 

Course Instructor:

Sadia Basar

 

                                                                     Class Timing

Day

Time

Location

Class

Tuesday

11:00-01:00

Lecture Room 1

 

BSCS VI

Wednesday

08:30-11:30

Computer Lab 2


Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs): 

At the end of the course the students will be able to:

 1. Understand the basics, applications in general, working inside the digital camera, sampling and quantization, image representation, etc.

 2. Implement image enhancement, image segmentation, image transformations, spatial and frequency domain processing, filtering, convolution, image registration, feature detection, pattern recognition, etc. 

3. Evaluate the performance of different image processing algorithms.

Content:

The human visual system, electromagnetic system, working and components inside digital camera, pixels, image representation, sampling, quantization, mathematics of image formation, convolution, camera projection, point-based image processing, Fourier theory, image filtering in spatial and frequency domain, wavelets, image registration, morphological operations, color models, multispectral images, feature detection, image segmentation, Pattern recognition, etc.

Teaching Methodology:

Lectures, Written Assignments, Practical labs, Semester Project, Presentations Course Assessment: Midterm Exam, Home Assignments, Quizzes, Project, Presentations, Final Exam

Reference Materials:

1. Gonzalez R. C., Woods R. E., Eddins S. L., Digital Image Processing Using Matlab, Pearson Education, 2nd edition, 2009.

 2. Gonzalez R. C., Woods R. E., Digital Image Processing, Pearson Education, 3rd edition, 2008.

3. Understanding Digital Signal Processing by Richard G. Lyons, Prentice Hall; 3rd edition, 2010.

Note: AUSTech strongly believes in the quality of instructions and hence the teaching/learning of the textbook is mandatory and if any student feels that the instructor is not following the textbook according to the course outline may contact the Academic Advisor to the Vice-Chancellor. 

Introduction: This course is an introductory level undergraduate digital image processing course. The course covers full of the textbook. After completing the course, a student will be able to describe the image processing, its techniques and implementation. Students will also be able to know about the images types, segmentation images, edges of images, filtering and enhancement techniques.

Course help and support: The instructor will be available in the class from 2:00 to 4:00 pm on throughout the week in case any student or group of students needs help in the course content or assignment. A student or group of student can also schedule time with the instructor for further guidance.

Grading Policy: As per the University grading policy the final grade will be given as per the following distribution:

 

Final term

50%

Midterm

30%

Internal points

20%

 

Note: Every week the instructor will give an assignment and a quiz and can also give some extra reading or presentation etc. The internal marks will be totally based on those activities.

The internal points maybe distributed as; 5 marks for quizzes (two best quizzes will be selected), 10 marks for two tests (two best tests will be selected), 5 marks for assignments.

Attendance Policy: The Department of Information Technology requires minimum of 75% attendance for a course. The department strictly follows the policy and in case of emergency a student is required to freeze the semester to avoid any complications, where the details of freezing can be asked from the Exam Coordinator, Course Coordinator or Chairman Computer Science Department.

Disability Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology recognizes the potentials of people with disabilities and treats them as special people and ensures their access to equal participation in education and university activities. Any person with disability may discuss with the concerned Head for his needs and the university will try its level best to fulfill the needs within the limited resources of the university.

Nondiscrimination Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology prohibits discrimination against any member of the University community on the basis of socioeconomic status, family background, race, religion, color, gender, age, mother tongue, national origin or ancestry, genetic information, marital status, parental status, and disability.

 

Week

Lecture

Topics Covered

 

 

 

Week#1

1

1. Introduction of Digital and Analog Images and comparisons

2

2. Elements of Digital Image Processing     

3

3. Components of computer vision, Lab Task

 

 

Week#2

4

  1. Imaging Systems, Models, Types

5

  2. Components of imaging systems

6

  3. Lab Task

 

 

 

 

Week#3

7

 1. Image Enhancement Introduction

8

2. Techniques 

9

 3. Lab Task

 

 

Week#4

 

10


Representation and Description of images……(continued)

11

   Representation and Description of images (Applications)

12

   3. Lab Task

 

 

 

Week#5

13

  1. Sampling in Image Processing

14

  2. Quantization

15

  3. Reducing the effects of Sampling and Quantization along with Lab Task

 

 

Week#6

16

 1.  Image zooming and its techniques

17

  2.  Image Shrinking and its techniques

18

  3. Lab Tasks                                                   

Week#7

19

  1. Boundary detection Introduction

20

  2.  Techniques

  1. Edge Detection
  2. 2. Edge linking and Boundary   Detection
  3. Region Detection

21

3. Lab Task

 

 

 

Week # 8

22

1. Image Histogram

23

2. Types of Histogram and histogram Equalization

24

3. Practical implementation about different types of histograms

 

 

Week#9

 

 

 

Mid Term

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week#10

 

25


1. Thresholding Techniques

26

 

2. Thresholding Components

27

 

 3.  Practical Implementation

 

 

 

This course aims to introduce the field of artificial intelligence in breadth. It not only includes topics such as Intelligent agents, searching, game playing, planing but also covers machine learning to a sufficient extent. The theory content is accompanied with extensive lab work which further solidifies students knowledge of the theoretical topics forms.

ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 115

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)


ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 114

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)


ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 112

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)


ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 112

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)

ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 112

Objectives:

This course is aimed at:

1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and

religious life.

Detail of Courses:

Introduction to Quran Studies

1) Basic Concepts of Quran

2) History of Quran

3) Uloom-ul -Quran

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse

No-1-18)

3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-

1-11)

4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse

No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


Introduction to Sunnah

1) Basic Concepts of Hadith

2) History of Hadith

3) Kinds of Hadith

4) Uloom –ul-Hadith

5) Sunnah & Hadith

6) Legal Position of Sunnah

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

2) History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

3) Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

4) Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

5) Islam and Sectarianism

Islamic Culture & Civilization

1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

2) Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

3) Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

4) Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

Islam & Science

1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

3) Quran & Science

Islamic Economic System

1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

2) Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

3) Islamic Concept of Riba

4) Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

Political System of Islam

1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

Islamic History

1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

2) Period of Ummayyads

3) Period of Abbasids


Social System of Islam

1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

2) Elements Of Family

3) Ethical Values Of Islam

Reference Books:

1) Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

2) Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State”

3) Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

4) Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

5) Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication

Islamabad, Pakistan.

6) Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute,

International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

7) Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book

Service (1982)

8) H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications

New Delhi (1989)

9) Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open

University, Islamabad (2001)

The main objective of this course is to understand the different motions of objects on a macroscopic scale and to develop simple mathematical formalisms to analyze such motions. This is a calculus-based introductory course with maximum emphasis on applying the acquired knowledge to solving problems.
 Chapter# 01
(Introduction) Measurements
Chapter# 02 Motion Along a Straight Line
 Chapter# 03 Vector
 Chapter# 04 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions
 Chapter# 05 Force and Motion-I
 Chapter# 06 Force and Motion-II
 Chapter# 07 Kinetic Energy and Work
 Chapter# 08 Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy
 Chapter# 09 Center of Mass and Linear Momentum
 Chapter# 10 Rotation
 Chapter# 11 Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum
 Chapter# 12
Equilibrium and Elasticity
Recommended Books: 1. D. Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, “Fundamentals of Physics”, John Wiley & Sons, 9th ed. 2010. 2. R. A. Serway and J. W. Jewett, “Physics for Scientists and Engineers”, Golden Sunburst Series, 8th ed. 2010. 3. R. A. Freedman, H. D. Young, and A. L. Ford (Sears and Zeemansky), “University Physics with Modern Physics”, Addison-Wesley-Longman, 13th International ed. 2010. 4. F. J Keller, W. E. Gettys and M. J. Skove, “Physics: Classical and Modern, McGraw Hill. 2nd ed. 1992. 5. D. C. Giancoli, “Physics for Scientists and Engineers, with Modern Physics”, Addison- Wesley, 4th ed. 2008.

Equilibrium Thermodynamics:
Basic postulates, fundamental equations and equations of state, response functions Maxwell's
relation, reduction of derivatives. 

Elements of Probability Theory:
Probabilities, distribution functions, statistical interpretation of entropy, Boltzmann H-theorem

Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles, counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems, examples) partitionfunction, Boltzmann distribution. Formation of Microcononical, canonical and grand canonical partion function

Partition Function:
Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables, examples (collection of simple
harmonic oscillators, Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics, Theorem of equipartition of energy.


1. F. Mandl, Statistical Physics, ELBS/John Willey, 2nd Ed. 1988.
2. F. Reif, Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics, McGraw Hill, 1965.
3. A.J. Pointon, Introduction to Statistical Physics, Longman 1967.
4. C. Kittel, Elements of Statistical Physics, John Wiley 1958.


Review of Newtonian Mechanics

Frame of reference, orthogonal transformations, angular
velocity and angular acceleration, Newton’s laws of motion, Galilean transformation,
conservation laws, systems of particles, motion under a constant force, motions under variable
force, time-varying mass system

The Lagrange Formulation of Mechanics and Hamilton Dynamics: Generalized co-ordinates
and constraints, D’Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’s Equations, Hamilton’s principle,
integrals of motion, non conservative system and generalized potential, Lagrange’s multiplier
method, the Hamiltonian of a dynamical system, canonical equations, canonical transformations,
Poisson brackets, phase space and Liouville’s theorem


Central Force Motion: The two-body problem, effective potential and classification of orbits,
Kepler’s laws, stability of circular orbits, hyperbolic orbits and Rutherford scattering, center of
mass co-ordinate system, scattering cross-sections
Motion in Non-inertial Systems: Accelerated translational co-ordinate system, dynamics in
rotating co-ordinate system, motion of a particle near the surface of the earth 

 The Motion of Rigid Bodies: The Euler angles, rotational kinetic energy and angular
momentum, the inertia tensor, Euler equations of motion, motion of a torque-free symmetrical
top, stability of rotational motion.


Recommended Books:
1. T. L. Chow, “Classical Mechanics”, John Wiley, 1995.
2. T. Kibble and F. Berkshire, “Classical Mechanics”, World Scientific, 5th ed. 2004.


Electrodynamics: Electromotive force: Ohm’s law, electromotive force, motional emf,

electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, the induced electric field, inductance, energy in

magnetic fields, Maxwell’s equations: electrodynamics before Maxwell, how Maxwell fixed

Ampere’s law, Maxwell’s equations, magnetic charges, Maxwell’s equations in matter, boundary

conditions

Conservation Laws: Charge and energy: the continuity equation, Poynting’s theorem,

momentum: Newton’s third law in electrodynamics, Maxwell’s stress tensor, conservation of

momentum, angular momentum

Electromagnetic Waves: Waves in one dimension: the wave equation, sinusoidal waves,

boundary conditions, reflection and transmission, polarization, electromagnetic waves in

vacuum: the wave equation for E and B, monochromatic plane waves, energy and momentum in

electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic waves in matter: propagation in linear media, reflection

and transmission at normal incidence, reflection and transmission at oblique incidence,

absorption and dispersion: electromagnetic waves in conductors, reflection at a conducting

surface, the frequency dependence of permittivity, guided waves: wave guides, the waves in a

rectangular wave guide, the coaxial transmission line

Potentials and Fields: The potential formulation: scalar and vector potentials, gauge

transformations, Coulomb gauge and Lorentz gauge, continuous distributions: retarded

46

potentials, Jefimenko’s equations, point charges: Lienard-Wiechert potentials, the field of a

moving point charge

Radiation, Dipole Radiation: What is radiation, electric dipole radiation, magnetic dipole

radiation, radiation from an arbitrary source, point charges: power radiated by a point charge,

radiation reaction, the physical basis of the radiation reaction

Electrodynamics and Relativity: The special theory of relativity: Einstein’s postulates, the

geometry of relativity, the Lorentz transformations, the structure of space-time, relativistic

mechanics: proper time and proper velocity, relativistic energy and momentum, relativistic

kinematics, relativistic dynamics, relativistic electrodynamics: magnetism as a relativistic

phenomenon, how the field transform, the field tensor, electrodynamics in tensor notation,

relativistic potentials.

Recommended Books:

1. D. J. Griffiths, “Introduction to Electrodynamics”, ed. Prentice Hall, 3rd ed. 1999.

2. M. N. O. Sadiku, “Elements of Electromagnetics”, Oxford University Press, 5th ed. ed.

2009.

3. F. Melia, “Electrodynamics”, University of Chicago Press, 1st ed. 2001.

4. Hearld J and W. Muller-Kristen, “Electrodynamics”, World Scientific Publishing, 2nd ed.

2011.

Pre-requisite: Mechanics, Differential Equations, Linear Algebra

Credit Hours: Three (3)

Objective(s): To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in

Physics,

Introduction to special functions, Fourier Series, Fourier Transforms,

Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses.

Vector Analysis: Definitions, elementary approach, rotation of the coordinate axes, scalar or dot

product, vector or cross product, Triple Scalar Product, Triple Vector Product, gradient,

divergence, curl, Successive Applications of ∇, Vector Integration, Gauss’ Theorem, Stokes’

Theorem, Potential Theory, Gauss’ Law, Poisson’s Equation, Dirac Delta Function, Helmholtz’s

Theorem

Partial Differential Equations: Introduction to important PDEs in Physics (wave equation,

diffusion equation, Poisson’s equation, Schrodinger’s equation), general form of solution,

general and particular Phys solutions (first order, inhomogeneous, second order), characteristics

and existence of solutions, uniqueness of solutions, separation of variables in Cartesian

coordinates, superposition of separated solutions, separation of variables in curvilinear

coordinates, integral transform methods, Green’s functions

Complex Analysis: Review (polar form of complex numbers and de Moivre’s theorem, complex

logarithms and powers), functions of a complex variable, Cauchy-Riemann conditions, power

series in a complex variable and analytic continuation with examples, multi-valued functions and

branch cuts, singularities and zeroes of complex functions, complex integration, Cauchy’s

theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Laurent series and residues, residue integration theorem,

definite integrals using contour integration.

Fourier Series:

General Properties, Advantages, Uses of Fourier Series, Applications of Fourier Series,

Properties of Fourier Series, Gibbs Phenomenon, Discrete Fourier Transform, Fourier

Expansions of Mathieu Functions

Fourier Transforms:

Fourier Transform of Derivatives, Convolution Theorem, Momentum Representation, Transfer

Functions, Laplace Transforms

Recommended Books:

1. G. Arfken, H. J. Weber, and F. E. Harris, “Mathematical Methods for Physicists”,

, Academic Press, 7th ed. 2012.

2. K. F. Riley, M. P. Hobson, S. J. Bence, “Mathematical Methods for Physicists”,

Cambridge University Press, 2006.

3. E. Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, John Wiley, 8th ed. 1999.


Pre-requisites: Heat and Thermodynamics, Calculus-II, Probability and Statistics

Credit Hours: Three (3)

Statistical Systems:

Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein, Fermi-Dirac statistical systems, Examples of

thermodynamics of these systems; Black body radiations, Gas of electrons in solids.

Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems:

Lattice vibrations in solids; Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation; Ferromagnets in Mean

Field Approximation.

Advanced Topics:

Fluctuations, Bose-Einstein Condensation, Introduction to density matrix approach.

Recommended Books:

1. F. Mandl, Statistical Physics, ELBS/John Willey, 2nd Ed. 1988.

2. F. Reif, Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics, McGraw Hill, 1965.

3. A.J. Pointon, Introduction to Statistical Physics, Longman 1967.

4. C. Kittel, Elements of Statistical Physics, John Wiley 1958.

Survey of the elementary principles, Variational principles and Lagranges’s equations, Oscillations, The classical mechanics of the special theory of relativity, Hamiltonian equations of motion, canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory and Action angle variable, Classical Chaos, Canonical perturbation theory, Introduction to the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations for continuous systems and fields, Classical mechanics of liquids and deformable solids; stress, deformation and strain flow.

Text Book:      Classical Mechanics by Goldstein (latest edition)


Crystal Structure: Lattices and basis, Symmetry operations, Fundamental Types of Lattice, Position and Orientation of Planes in Crystals, Simple crystal structures

Crystal Diffraction and Reciprocal Lattice: Diffraction of X-rays, Neutrons and electrons from crystals; Bragg’s law; Reciprocal lattice, Ewald construction and Brillouin zone, Fourier Analysis of the Basis

Phonons and Lattice: Quantization of Lattice Vibrations,Phonon momentum, inelastic scattering by phonons, Lattice Vibrations for Mono-atomic and diatomic basis, Optical Properties in the Infrared Region 

Thermal Properties of Solids: Lattice heat Capacity, Classical model, EinsteinModel, Enumeration of normal modes, Density of state in one, two or three dimensions, Debye model of heat capacity, Comparison with experimental results, thermal conductivity and resistivity, Umklapp processes

Electrical Properties of Metals: Classical free electron theory of metals, energy levels and density of orbital’s in one dimension, effect of temperature on the Fermi–Dirac distribution function, properties of the free electron gas, electrical conductivity and Ohm’s Law, thermal and electrical conductivities of metals and their ratio, motion of free electrons in magnetic fields, cyclotron frequency, static magneto conductivity and Hall Effect along with applications.

Nuclear Radiation Detection and measurements

Interaction  of  nuclear  radiation  with  matter;  photographic  emulsions;  Gas-filled  detectors;

Scintillation

counters and solid-state detectors; Cloud chambers; Bubble chambers. 

Charged Particle Accelerators: 

Linear  and  orbital  accelerators  Van  de  Graaff,

Cyclotron;  Betatron;  Synchrocyclotron;

Electron-

Synchrotrons; Proton-synchrotron; Alternating-gradient Synchrotron.

Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources, Radioactive sources,


Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources,

Reactor as a neutron

source, slow neutron detectors, fast neutron detectors, Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of

energy, 

slowing  down  of  neutrons,  Nuclear  fission,  Description  of  fission  reaction,

Mass  distribution  of

fission  energy.  Average  number  of  neutrons  released, 

Theory  of  fission  and  spontaneous  fission,

Nuclear

chain reaction and applications.

Elementary Reactor Physics: 

Controlled fission reactions, Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research),

Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. 


Simple and  Damped Simple Harmonic Oscillation: Mass-Spring System, Simple Harmonic
Oscillator Equation, Complex Number Notation, LC Circuit, Simple Pendulum, Quality Factor,
LCR Circuit Forced Damped Harmonic Oscillation: Steady-State Behavior, Driven LCR Circuit, Transient
Oscillator Response, Resonance Coupled Oscillations: Two Spring-Coupled Masses, Two Coupled LC Circuits, Three Spring
Coupled Masses, Normal Modes, Atomic and Lattice Vibrations Transverse Waves: Transverse Standing Waves, Normal Modes, General Time Evolution of a
Uniform String, Phase velocity, Group Velocity  
 
Longitudinal Waves: Spring Coupled Masses, Sound Waves in an Elastic Solid, Sound Waves
in an Ideal Gas

Traveling  Waves:  Standing  Waves  in  a  Finite  Continuous  Medium,  Traveling  Waves  in  an
Infinite  Continuous  Medium,  Energy  Conservation,  Transmission  Lines,  Reflection  and
Transmission at Boundaries, Electromagnetic Waves  Wave  Pulses: Multi-Dimensional  Waves:Interference and Diffraction of Waves

Chapter# 01 (Introduction) Measurements

Chapter# 01 Measurements

Chapter# 02 Motion Along a Straight Line

Chapter# 03Vector

Chapter# 04Motion in Two and Three Dimensions

Chapter# 05  Force and Motion-I

Chapter# 06  Force and Motion-II

Chapter# 07 Kinetic Energy and Work

Chapter# 08 Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy

Chapter# 09 Center of Mass and Linear Momentum

Chapter# 10 Rotation

Chapter# 11 Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum

Chapter# 12 Equilibrium and Elasticity







  • Vector Analysis
  • Electrostatics
  • Potentials
  • Electrostatic Fields in Matter
  • Magnetostatics
  • Magnetic Fields in Matter
  • Electrodynamics

Wave function, physical states of a quantum system. Dirac notation.
- Measurements, observables, and operators. Hermitian operators and their properties. Commutators and compatible observables. Complete Sets of Commuting Observables. Degeneracy.
- Dynamical evolution of quantum states: Schroedinger equation. Energy and Hamiltonian.Time-independent Schroedinger equation.
- Completeness and orthogonality relations for the eigenfunctions of a continuum spectrum. Ehrenfest's theorem. Some properties of the solutions of the Schroedinger equation. The Heisenberg representation.
- Schroedinger equation in one dimension. Potential step and continuity equations. Reflected and transmitted waves. Tunneling. Experimental observation of tunneling. Infinite potential well. Zero-point energy. Potentials symmetric under parity.
- Two- and three-dimensional systems. Vectors of operators, momentum in three dimensions. Link with vector calculus. Canonical commutation relations in three dimensions. The harmonic oscillator in three dimensions; solution by separation of variables.
- Angular momentum. Differential operators using Cartesian coordinates, and spherical coordinates. Commutation relations between components of the angular momentum. Square of the angular momentum. Commutations relations with the components. Simultaneous eigenstates of L2 and Lz. Eigenvalue equations; spherical harmonics and eigenvalues. Quantization of angular momentum in QM. Stern-Gerlach experiment.
- Time-independent Schroedinger equation for a system in a central potential. Separation of variables. Reduction to a one-dimensional problem, effective potential & boundary condition. Solutions for the stationary states. Quantum rotator.
- The Hydrogen atom: set-up of the problem, Hamiltonian, separation of variables, reduction to one-dimensional radial equation, boundary condition, solutions for the stationary states, quantization of the energy levels. Discussion of the physical properties.
- Solution of the 1-dimensional harmonic oscillator using creation and annihilation operators. Properties of the creation/annihilation operators. Spectrum of the Hamiltonian. Eigenfunctions of the Hamiltonian.
- Angular momentum using raising and lowering operators. Construction of the raising and lowering operators from the commutation relations. Eigenvalues, quantization of the eigenvalues. Normalization of the eigenstates. Explicit form of the eigenfunctions.
- Spin as an intrinsic property of a quantum system. Experimental evidence: Stern-Gerlach experiment. Spin 1/2: description of the states of a spin 1/2 system. Space of physical states, choice of a basis.
- Addition of angular momenta. General result (stated, not proven). Coupled and uncoupled basis. Example: system of two spin 1/2 particles.
- Identical particles. Symmetry of the w

Text Book: Quantum Mechanics by Cohen

Phys 101  

 MECHANICS

Credit Hours: Four (4)

Objectives: The main objective of this course is to understand the different motions of

objects on a macroscopic scale and to develop simple mathematical

formalisms to analyze such motions. This is a calculus-based introductory

course with maximum emphasis on applying the acquired knowledge to

solving problems.

Phys482

 LASERS( PHYSICS )                                                                       Credit Hours: 3

Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics-II, Atomic and Molecular Physics

Objective(s): Develop fundamental concepts about lasers

Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semi-conductors

Understand the optical resonators and laser system.

Applications of lasers

Riemman  mapping theorem, conformal mappings and their properties, univalent functions and 

their subclasses, multivalent functions, functions with positive real part, Herglotz formula, some 

basic properties of univalent and multivalent functions, conic domain, circular domain, operators 

in geometric function theory. 

RECOMMENDED BOOKS:

1.  P. L. Duren, Univalent Functions, Grundlehren der Math. Wissenchaften, SpringerVerlag, New York-Berlin. 1983.

2.  A. W. Goodman, Univalent Functions Vol. I, II, polygonal publishing house, Washington, New Jersey, 1983. 

3.  W. K. Heyman, Multivalent Functions, Cambridge, University Press, 2nd Ed, 1994.

OBJECTIVES


 To enable the students to work with microorganisms. 

To understand the basic techniques of sterilization, culturing and isolation. 

Determining different characteristics of the microorganisms.

Course Detail  

Fundamentals of microbiology.

  Microorganisms and their respective place in the living world. 

 Differentiation between pro- and eukaryotic cells.

  Historical development of Microbiology and its scope. 

 Microscopy: An outline of the principles and applications of light and electron microscope. 

 Morphology, arrangement and detailed anatomy of bacterial cell. 

 Bacterial taxonomy and nomenclature, basis of classification of bacteria. 

 Growth, nutrition (physical and nutritional requirement and nutritional types; sources of energy, C, N, H, O, S, P, H2O, trace elements, growth factors) and reproduction. 

 General methods of studying microorganisms: cultivation, isolation, purification and characterization. 

 Control of microorganisms by physical and chemical methods.

  Chemotherapeutic agents and antibiotics. Modes of action of antibiotics on microorganisms. 

 Basic properties of fungi, protozoa and algae.


OBJECTIVES


 To enable the students to work with microorganisms. 

To understand the basic techniques of sterilization, culturing and isolation. 

Determining different characteristics of the microorganisms.

Course Detail  

Fundamentals of microbiology.

  Microorganisms and their respective place in the living world. 

 Differentiation between pro- and eukaryotic cells.

  Historical development of Microbiology and its scope. 

 Microscopy: An outline of the principles and applications of light and electron microscope. 

 Morphology, arrangement and detailed anatomy of bacterial cell. 

 Bacterial taxonomy and nomenclature, basis of classification of bacteria. 

 Growth, nutrition (physical and nutritional requirement and nutritional types; sources of energy, C, N, H, O, S, P, H2O, trace elements, growth factors) and reproduction. 

 General methods of studying microorganisms: cultivation, isolation, purification and characterization. 

 Control of microorganisms by physical and chemical methods.

  Chemotherapeutic agents and antibiotics. Modes of action of antibiotics on microorganisms. 

 Basic properties of fungi, protozoa and algae.

Functional analysis plays a vital role in the applied sciences as well as mathematics itself. The functional analytical results have important applications in various fields, for example, linear algebra, ordinary partial differential equations, partial differential equations, calculus of variation, approximation theory and particular in linear integral equations.  The aim of this course is to extend the methods of linear algebra and analysis to spaces of functions. In which the interaction between algebra and analysis allows powerful methods to be developed.  


HUMAN ANATOMY II

MLTII

 COURSE CONTENTS:

 Muscle. Structure in brief, mechanism of muscle contraction, isotonic and isometric contractions, energy sources of muscle contractions, motor unit.

• Musculoskeletal system Bones types, structure, Axial & appendicular skeleton.

Bone formation and growth, Joints classification and structure.

Types and structure of muscles. Movements at the joints and muscles producing movements. Kidney

 • Structure of Urinary System, measurement and regulation of GFR, mechanism of urine formation.

Clearance tests & values of insulin, PAH and urea clearance. Endocrines

• Names of endocrine glands & their secretions, functions of various hormones,

Brief account of endocrine disorders.

• Gross structure of Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal glands.

Reproduction

 • Reproductive cycle in female including menstrual cycle, pregnancy, parturition, lactation. Male sex hormones and spermatogenesis. Basis of contraception. 136

• Parts of the system. Gross structure of both male and female reproductive organs.

Nervous System

 • Structure of neuron, nerve impulse, myelinated and non-myelinated nerve.

Brief account of resting membrane potential, action potential and conduction of nerve impulse.

• Structure of Neuroglia and neurons, Parts and classification

 • CNS – Structure of Brain and spinal cord and their functions.

 • PNS - Cranial nerves and spinal nerves

• ANS - Sympathetic and Parasympathetic.

PRACTICALS: 1. Working principles and recording of chest movements with stethograph, ECG, Blood pressure, radial pulse with physiography.

 2. Spirometry –recording of lung volumes and capacities.

3. Identification of instruments used in study of cardio vascular system, respiratory system, nervous system and special senses.

4. Mosso’s ergography, Perimetry, Tests of hearing.

 RECOMMENDED BOOKS: 1. Essentials of Medical Physiology K Sembulingam, Prema Sembulingam Sixth Edition 2013

2. Concise Physiology Dr. Raja Shahzad 1st Edition 2012

3. Guyton And Hall Textbook Of Medical Physiology John E. Hall, Arthur C. Guyton Professor and Chair 2006 4. Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health And Illness 11th Edition Anne Waugh,


ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY   ZOO 471 , Cr 4(3+1)

Objectives

The main goal of this course is to:

· Enable students to develop strong expertise in contemporaneous themes in ecological research · Develop critical thinking and to discuss about advanced topics in population, community and ecosystem ecology as well as in biodiversity research.

· Develop expertise to update their knowledge continuously, and to design their own research in ecology.

Course Contents

Energy: laws of thermodynamics, primary and secondary productions, trophic levels and energy variation with increasing trophic levels, energy flow, food chains and food webs. Biogeochemical cycle: nitrogen, phosphorus, sulpher, water, carbon, nutrient.

Limiting factors: basic concepts, temperature, soil, water and humidity, light, fire.

 Global ecosystems: (atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, ecosphere).

An overview of ecosystem with special reference to ecological niche: basic concepts and types. Major ecosystem of world: Marine, Estuarine, Freshwater, Wetlands, Tundra, Forest, Grassland, Desert

Population ecology: basic population characters, growth and growth curves, population dynamics and regulations.

Community ecology: basic concepts, community analysis, ecotones, inter-population interactions.

Applied Ecology: resources and their ecological management (mineral, agricultural desalination and weather modification, forest and range management, landscape and land use);

Pollution: (definition, types, cost, origin and management); water (sources, domestic and industrial pollution, heavy metals); air (sulpher dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, smog and PAN, MTBE & CFCs); land pollution (pesticides, bacterial toxins, synthetic hormones); noise pollution.

Radiation ecology: global environmental changes (ozone depletion, acid rain, greenhouse effect and global warming, Koyota protocol, desertification, deforestation, exotic and invasive species, radioactivity leakage, environmental laws)

 

Practicals

1. Measurement of environmental factors on land, water and air.

2. Study of different ecosystems: pond, agricultural or grassland, forest.

3. Community analysis through different sampling techniques (quadrat, Transect).

4. Population studies mark and recapture method, statistical analysis of field data.

5. Adaptive features of animals in relation to food and environment.

 6. Food chain studies through analysis of gut contents.

7. Analysis of polluted and fresh water for biotic and abiotic variations.

8. Field visits for study of selected terrestrial habitat and writing notes.

9. Experimental design and approaches in ecological research; writing a research project

10. Development of an ecological management plan of some selected area.

 Books Recommended

1. Molles, M.C. 2005. Ecology: Concepts and Applications. 6th Ed., McGraw Hill, New York, USA.

2. Cox, C.B., Morre, D. 2000. Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach, 6th Ed., Life Sciences King’s College, London, UK.

3. Dondson, S.I., Allen, T.F.N., Carpenter, S.R., Ives, A., Jeanne, R.L., Kitchell, J.F., Langston, N.E., Turner, M.G. 1998. Ecology. Oxford Univ. Press, UK.

4. Chapman, J.L., Reiss, M.J.1997. Ecology: Principles and Applications. Cambridge Univ. Press, UK.

5. Odum, E. P. 1994. Fundamentals of Ecology. 3rd Ed. W.B. Saunders.Philadelphia.

 6. Newman, I. 1993. Applied Ecology. Black Well Scientific Publications Oxford. UK. 7. Slingsby, D., Cook, C., 1986. Practical Ecology. McMillan Education Ltd. UK.


ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR ZOO 354

 Aims of the course

1. To understand the general concepts that govern the manner in which animals behave throughout their lives i.e. maximizing 'fitness' through essentially selfish actions.

2. To appreciate the range of mechanisms by which animals adapt to their environmental conditions using behavioural actions.

3. To achieve competence in the skills required to conduct scientifically meaningful studies of animal behaviour.

Course Content

 

What is Behaviour? 

Why study Animal Behaviour causes and effects of Behaviour.

Types of Behaviour: Instinct Fixed Action Pattern, Association.

Trial and Error,

Imprinting,

Habituation,

Observational learning,

Insight Learning,  

Biological Rhythms,

Study of  Behavioural Genetics, Genes and Behaviour

Mimicry in Animals,

Human , Culture and  Behaviour,

Research in Animal Behaviour  

Implications of research in Behavioural Genetics on Society,  

Behaviour of Representative Invertebrate Species,

Behaviour of Representative Fish Species,  

Behaviour of Representative Bird Species,  

Behaviour of Representative Mammal Species,  

 



Supermum and infimum,  completeness  properties  of the  real  numbers,  limits of numerical  sequences, limits  and continuity,  properties of  continuous functions on closed bounded intervals,  derivatives in  one variable, the mean value theorem,  sequences  of functions,  power series,  point-wise and  uniform  convergence.  Functions  of several variables,  open  and  closed  sets  and  convergence  of  sequence  in  Rn:  limits  and  continuity  in  several  variables properties  of  continuous  functions  on  compact  sets,  differentiation  in  n-space;  the  Taylor  series  in Rwith applications; the inverse and implicit function theorems.

Recommended Books:

1.  Bartle RG, Sherbert DR, 1999, Introduction to Real Anal y sis (4th edition) John Wiley , New York.

This is my test course

This is test course

Credit Hours: 3

Objectives: The main objective of this course is to understand the different motions of

objects on a macroscopic scale and to develop simple mathematical

formalisms to analyze such motions. This is a calculus-based introductory

course with maximum emphasis on applying the acquired knowledge to

solving problems.











ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY Cr 3(2+1)

 

Course Contents

Energy: Laws of thermodynamics, primary and secondary productions,

trophic levels and energy variation with increasing trophic levels, energy

flow, food chains and food webs.

Biogeochemical cycle: nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, water, carbon, nutrient. Limiting factors: basic concepts, temperature, soil, water and humidity, light, fire.

 

Global ecosystems: (atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, ecosphere).

An overview of ecosystem with special reference to ecological niche: basic

concepts and types.

Major ecosystem of world: Marine, Estuarine,

Freshwater, Wetlands, Tundra, Forest, Grassland, Desert and Agricultural

ecosystems.

 

Population ecology: basic population characters, growth and growth

curves, population dynamics and regulations. Community ecology: basic

concepts, community analysis, ecotones, inter-population interactions.

 

Applied Ecology: resources and their ecological management (mineral,

agricultural desalination and weather modification, forest and range

management, landscape and land use.

 

Pollution: (definition, types, cost, origin and management); water (sources,

domestic and industrial pollution, heavy metals); air (sulpher dioxide,

nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, smog and PAN, MTBE & CFCs);

land pollution (pesticides, bacterial toxins, synthetic hormones); noise

pollution.

 

Radiation ecology: global environmental changes (ozone depletion, acid

rain, greenhouse effect and global warming, Koyota protocol,

desertification, deforestation, exotic and invasive species, radioactivity

leakage, environmental laws).

 

PHYSIOLOGY Cr 4(3+1)

OBJECTIVES:

The course aims to
 Provide information about the physiological mechanisms underlying animal functions.
 Enable students to understand neuro-endocrine coordination, physiology of heart, hemodynamics and kidney function.
 Impart information on respiratory function and gut physiology
 Give understanding about the mechanism of homeostasis, physiological regulation of temperature and its maintenance
Course Contents
Central themes in Physiology: Homeostasis, Concepts of conformity and regulation; physiological adaptations.
Membrane Physiology: Ionic distribution across membrane, Resting membrane potentials: Electrogenic ion pump, Donnan equilibrium, Ion
channels
Nerve and Muscle Physiology: Action potentials in neurons; Electrical and chemical synaptic transmission; Neurotransmitters; Excitatory and inhibitory
postsynaptic potentials; tetany; Muscles: Structure, types, components, muscle proteins, molecular basis of muscle contraction: sarcoplasmic reticulum and role of calcium, muscle action potentials, isometric and isotonic contraction, leverage factor, muscle fatigue.
Receptors Physiology: Receptor types: Mechanoreceptors, Olfactory and taste receptors, Photoreceptors, Photochemistry and Phototransduction;
acoustico-lateralis system, Cutaneous receptors, electro-receptors. Sensory transduction, coding and adaptations. Range fractionation.
Endocrine Physiology: Gland types; Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pineal, Pancreatic Islets, Gastric glands, Adrenal, Ovary, Testis and Placenta; Overview of hormones; types, peptide and steroid hormones, chemistry, synthesis and roles. Hormone receptors and signal transduction.
Feedback mechanisms. Cardiovascular Physiology: Electrical activity of heart: Autorythmicity, Electrocardiography, Kymography; Hemodynamics, Relationship between blood flow, pressure and resistance. Control of cardiac activity, cardiac output and peripheral circulation.
Respiratory Physiology: Respiratory epithelia, gas exchange in gills and lungs; Transport of O2 and CO2, Structure of alveoli, lung volumes and capacities, surfactants, control of breathing; hypoxia; Hypercapnia etc., air breathing in divers.
Renal Physiology: Osmoregulation: Osmoregulation in aquatic and terrestrial animals; Kidney and Vertebrate nephron as osmoregulatory and excretory organ: Glomerular filtration, Tubular absorption and secretion;
Nitrogenous waste products; Patterns of nitrogenous excretion and their phylogenetic significance.
Physiology of Digestion: Physiologic anatomy of digestive tract (mammalian model), Regulation of digestive secretions; Absorption of water, ions and nutrients; Potential and Movements in gastrointestinal tract; Control of motility. Deglutition, Peristalsis, Absorption, Assimilation and defecation.
Temperature Regulation: Temperature classification of animals; Temperature relation of ectotherms in freezing and cold and warm and hot environment; Costs and benefits of ectothermy; Temperature relations of heterotherms and endotherms; Dormancy: Sleep, Torpor, Hibernation and Estivation.


MEDICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

Course Contents

Introduction to the medical biotechnology: The role of medical

biotechnology, Medical biotechnology; an interdisciplinary pursuit, Scope

for use, Public perception, Medical biotechnology and developing world.

The principles of cloning DNA in medical biotechnology: General

principles and strategies for cloning, Cloning tools, The enzymology of in

vitro DNA recombination, Vectors used for cloning, Sythesis of DNA for

cloning, Reaching the gene via mRNA and protein, Synthesis of complete

gene, Reporter genes, Recombinant virus genes, The determination of

base sequence in DNA( brief account).

Gene cloning techniques for mammalian cells: Methods of transfection,

(Ca++ phosphate co-precipitation method, DEAE-Dextran method,

Electroporation, Protoplast fusion. Liposomes as vectors for gene transfer,

Direct transformation of mammalian cells; Microinjuction. Requirement for

gene expression. Expression of mammalian genes in prokaryotic and

eukaryotic systems, Basic techniques of animal cell culture and their

applications, Expression of cloned genes in animal cells: Transgenic

Animals (brief account).

Molecular biological techniques for rapid diagonosis of diseases:

Spectrophotometeric and UV spectroscopic analysis of nucleic acids,

Agarose gel electrophoresis, Pulsed/field gel electrophoresis,

Hybridization, Foot printing, Reverse transcriptase, Site directed

mutagenesis, Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), 2 -

dimensional gel electrophoresis. DNA finger printing, Enzyme linked

immunosorbant assay (ELISA), Diagnostic Polymerase chain reaction

(PCR), Types of Polymerase chain reaction, Optimization of PCR

conditions, Rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), Other applications

of PCR, Gene therapy.

Medical biotechnological approach to study various types of diseases

(Infectious and Genetic): Tuberculosis, Typhoid, Hepatitis C,

Thalassemia, Chromosomal anomalies, Other mutations, Prenatal

diagnosis of anaemias; a molecular basis for inherited disease, Mapping a

genetic disease, Forensic science.

Applied medical biotechnology: Pharmaceutical and biopharmaceuticals,

Vaccines and monoclonal antibodies, Preparation of monoclonal antibodies,

Applications of monoclonal antibodies, Vaccine productions, Potential

Vaccines: Hepatitis B, Whooping cough, Chlomydia, Herpes, AIDS, Vaccine

for leprosy, Virus vaccines, Antigens purification, Study of new drug targets:

Screening of antibiotics, Mode of action of selected antibiotics, Human

insulin, Human growth hormone, Factors vm, Lymphokines (Interferon,

interleukins) Somatostatin, Colony stimulating factor, Blood factor vm for

hemophilia, Bovine growth hormone, Erthropoietin, Epidermal growth factor,

Bone growth factors; Other proteins and other products: Tissue

Plasminogen Activator (TP A), Human lung surfactant, Artial natriuretic

factor, Tumor necrosis factor; Ceredase, Cancer.

Biosafety Regulation: Introduction to genetically manipulated organisms

(GMOs), Release of genetically engineered microbes in the environment,

Biosafety management, Debate on the safety work in medical

biotechnology.

PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL LIFE – I Cr: 4(3+1)
Objectives
The students will be able to understand
 The concept and status of Zoology in life sciences and the common
processes of life through its biochemical and molecular processes.
 The structure and function of cell organelles and how common animal
cell diversified in various tissues, organs and organ systems.
 Biochemical mechanisms eventually generating energy for animal work.
 Animals and their relationship with their environment.
Course Contents
Scope of Zoology: Introduction; significance and applications of zoology; animal diversity; the scientific method; environment and world resources.
The Chemical Basis of Animal Life: Brief introduction to biomolecules; carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
Cellular Organization: Structure of animal cells, cell membrane, cytoplasm and its organelles: ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus,
lysosomes, mitochondria, cytoskeleton, cilia and flagella, centrioles and microtubules, vacuoles;the nucleus: nuclear envelope, chromosomes and
nucleolus.
Animal tissues: Types: epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissue; organs and organ systems.
Enzymes: Structure, types; function and factors affecting their activity; cofactors and coenzymes.
Energy Harvesting: Aerobic and anaerobic respiration: glycolysis, citric acid cycle and electron transport chain; fermentation, the major source of
ATP.
Reproduction and Development: Types; asexual and sexual, gametogenesis, fertilization, metamorphosis, zygote and early development.
Ecological Concepts: Ecosystem, types, homeostasis, biomes, food chain, food web, energy flow and thermodynamics; biogeochemical cycles, and
limiting factors, populations and communities, human population growth, pollution, resource depletion and biodiversity.

CELL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Cr 4(3+1)

Objectives

The course aims to:

 Impart knowledge about the animal cell and its complex organization

of architecture

 Provide understanding about the unified role of a cell for the ultimate

sustainability of the organisms.

 Enable students to understand various ultra-structural, molecular and

functional aspects of the cells will be communicated in this course.

Course Contents

Introduction to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells: Plasma membrane, its

chemical composition structure and functions of plasma membranes, cell

permeability, active transport, endocytosis, phagocytosis.

Cytoskeleton: Microfilaments, Microtubules, Intermediate filaments.

Cytoplasmic Organelles: Membrane system, structural and functional

commonalities. Ultrastructure, chemical composition and functions of

Endoplasmic Reticulum and their role in protein synthesis and drug

metabolism, Golgi apparatus its role in synthesis of glycoprotein,

Mitochondrial respiration and its significance as semi-autonomous

organelle; Lysosome, its diverse roles due to hydrolytic activity of enzymes,

Peroxisome, its role in metabolism of hydrogen peroxide, Glycoxysome with

reference to glyoxylic acid cycle.

Nucleus: chromatin, heterochromatin, euchromatin, chromosome structure,

coiling and nucleosome during different phases of cell cycle.

Replication: mechanism, DNA replication in prokaryotes specially with

reference to variety of DNA polymerases and other proteins involved, DNA

replication in Eukaryotes with emphasis on DNA polymerases, concept of

replicons etc., Transcription: variety of RNA and their characteristics,

synthesis of mRNA, rRNA and tRNA with special reference to enzymes

involved, RNA splicing, split genes, concept of ribozymes and

posttranscriptional processing, RNA transduction, Genetic code, point

mutations.

Translation: Specific role of Ribosomes, various factors, and

posttranslational processing, control of gene expression in Prokaryotes.

ANIMAL DIVERSITY: INVERTEBRATES Cr 4(3+1)
(CLASSIFICATION, PHYLOGENY AND ORGANIZATION)
Objectives
The students will be able to understand
· Taxonomic characteristics and classification of each phylum
· Concepts of evolutionary relationship of animal kingdom
· Knowledge about animal kingdom, emphasizing their phylogenetic
relationships and simple to complex mode of animal life

 

Course Contents
Introduction
: Architectural pattern of an animal, taxonomy and phylogeny,major subdivisions of animal kingdom with evolutionary perspective.
Animal-Like Protists: The Protozoa; life within a single plasma membrane; symbiotic life-styles. Protozoan taxonomy: (up to phyla, subphyla and super
classes, wherever applicable). Pseudopodia and amoeboid locomotion; cilia and other pellicular structures; nutrition; genetic control and reproduction;
symbiotic ciliates; further phylogenetic considerations.
Multicellular and Tissue Levels of Organization: origins of multicellularity; animal origins. Phylum porifera: cell types, body wall, and skeletons; water currents and body forms; maintenance functions; reproduction. Phylum Cnidaria (coelenterata) the body wall and 
nematocysts; alternation of generations; maintenance functions; reproduction and classification up to class. Phylum Ctenophora; further phylogenetic considerations.
Triploblastics and Acoelomate Body Plan: Phylum Platyhelminthes: classification up to class; the free-living flatworms and the tapeworms;
Phylum Nemertea; Phylum Gastrotricha; further phylogenetic considerations.
Pseudocoelomate Body Plan: Aschelminths: general characteristics; classification up to phyla with external features; feeding and the digestive system; other organ systems; reproduction and development of Phylum Rotifera and Phylum Nematoda; Phylum Kinorhyncha. Some important nematode parasites of humans; further phylogenetic considerations.
Molluscan Success: relationships to other animals; origin of the coelom; molluscan characteristics; classification up to class. The characteristics of shell and associated structures, feeding, digestion, gas exchange, locomotion, reproduction and development, other maintenance functions
and diversity in gastropods, bivalves and cephalopods; further phylogenetic considerations.
Annelida: The Metameric Body Form: relationship to other animals, metamerism and tagmatization; External structure and locomotion, feedingand the digestive system, gas exchange and circulation, nervous and sensory functions, excretion, regeneration, reproduction and development in different classes; further phylogenetic considerations.

Arthropods: Blueprint for Success: classification and relationships to other animals; metamerism and tagmatization; the exoskeleton; metamorphosis;
classification up to class; further phylogenetic considerations; phylogeny and adaptive diversification.
Echinoderms: relationships to other animals; echinoderm characteristics; classification up to class. Maintenance functions, regeneration, reproduction, and development; further phylogenetic considerations.
Lesser Invertebrates: The lophophorates, entoprocts, cycliophores, and chaetognaths.


GENERAL BIOCHEMISTRY Cr 4(3+1)

Objectives

The course aims to

 Provide in-depth knowledge about the polymerized organic

compounds of life.

 Develop an understanding about the dynamism life as it proceeds with

inter-conversion of the chemicals from feeding to the liberation of

energy for work.

 Understand that inter-conversion is performed by various tools called

as enzymes.

 Enable students to know how organisms harvest of energy for growth,

duplication etc.,

Course Contents

Amino acids, peptides and proteins: standard amino acids, their structure

and classification; acid/base properties of amino acids and their titration

curves; peptides, their ionic behavior and amino acid composition,

cytochrome c; Proteins: level of structural organization, example of structural

and functional proteins.

Enzymes: Introduction; important characteristics of enzymes; immobilized

enzymes; how enzymes work; example of enzymatic reaction; enzyme

kinetics, enzyme rate of reaction and substrate concentration, how pH and

temperature effect on enzyme activity.

Carbohydrates: Classification, types, important characteristics and structure

of carbohydrates; cyclic structure of monosaccharides; cyanohydrin

formation; disaccharides their types structure and function; polysaccharides,

storage and structural types; structure and major functions of

polysaccharides.

Lipids: fatty acids, their types and major characteristics; storage lipids,

acylglycerols; waxes; structural lipids in membranes; major functions of

lipids; lipoproteins, their types and major functions.

Vitamins and cofactors: occurrence, structure and biochemical function of

vitamins B complex group.

Metabolism: detailed description of glycolysis and catabolism of other

hexoses; regulation and bioenergetics of glycolysis. Anabolic role of

glycolysis; fate of pyruvate under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, lactate,

acetyl CoA and ethanol formation; alcoholic fermentation; gluconeogenesis,

its regulation and significance in the tissues; feeder pathways in glycolysis;

utilization of other carbohydrates in glycolysis phosphorolysis and starch;

regulation of glycogen metabolism.

Citric acid (TCA) cycle: conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA, pyruvate

dehydrogenase, a multi-enzyme complex; detailed description of citric acid

cycle; bioenergetics and conservation of energy produced in the cycle.

Anabolic or biosynthetic role of citric acid cycle intermediates; replenishing

or anaplerotic reactions and their role; regulation of citric acid cycle; Electron

transport and its components, oxidative phosphorylation, chemiosmotic

theory, ATP synthesis, uncouple electron transport and heat generation.

Lipid metabolism: oxidation of fatty acids; digestion, mobilization and

transport of fats; biosynthesis of triacylglycerol; utilization of triacylglycerol;

activation of fatty acids and their transportation to mitochondria; betaoxidation;

bioenergetics of beta-oxidation; oxidation of unsaturated and odd

chain fatty acids; omega oxidation pathway; biosynthesis of saturated fatty

acid, supply of raw material for palmitic acid synthesis; fatty acid synthetase

(FAS) multienzyme complex; Ketone bodies their biosynthesis, utilization

and role in the tissues; cholesterol metabolism: Steroid hormones.

Nitrogen metabolism: metabolic fate of amino acids; catabolism of amino

acids; deamination and transamination; nitrogen excretion and urea cycle;

regulation of urea cycle.

Bot-301 Diversity of Plants

Credit Hours: 3 (2+1)

Course Outline:

Comparative study of life form, structure, reproduction and economic significance

of:

a) Viruses (RNA and DNA types) with special reference to TMV;

b) Bacteria and Cyanobacteria (Nostoc, Anabaena, Oscillatoria) with

specific reference to biofertilizers, pathogenicity and industrial importance;

c) Algae (Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, Chara, Vaucheria, Pinnularia, Ectocarpus, Polysiphonia)

d) Fungi (Mucor, Penicillium, Phyllactinia, Ustilago, Puccinia, Agaricus),

their implication on crop production and industrial applications.

e) Lichens (Physcia)

f) Bryophytes

i. Riccia

ii. Anthoceros

iii. Funaria

 

g) Pteridophytes.

i. Psilopsida (Psilotum)

ii. Lycopsida (Selaginella)

iii. Sphenopsida (Equisetum)

iv. Pteropsida (Marsilea)

 

h) Gymnosperms

i. Cycas

ii. Pinus

iii. Ephedra

 

i) Angiosperms

i. Monocot (Poaceae)

ii. Dicot (Solanaceae)


This is Test Couse Formate

This is Computer Science Course

ABBOTTABAD UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Department of Information technology

Course Outline                                        

Course name: Programming Fundamentals                                  Semester: Fall 2020              

Prerequisites: None                                                                          Course Code:

Instructor: Ms. Sidra Zubair                                                          Class:   BSSE-1st (B)

Credit Hours: 3+1

Class Timings:

 

 

Day

 

Time

Location

 

Monday

 

10:30am-12:00am, 12:00am-1:30pm

LAB-3, LAB-A

 

Tuesday

 

10:30am-12:00am, 2:00pm-3:30pm

NPF#4, LAB-A

 

 

Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs):

At the end of the course the students will be able to:

1. Understand basic problem solving steps and logic constructs

2. Apply basic programing concepts

3. Design and implement algorithms to solve real world problems

Course Content:

Introduction to problem solving, a brief review of Von-Neumann architecture,
Introduction to programming, role of compiler and linker, introduction to algorithms,
basic data types and variables, input/output constructs, arithmetic, comparison and
logical operators, conditional statements and execution flow for conditional statements,
repetitive statements and execution flow for repetitive statements, lists and their memory
organization, multi-dimensional lists, introduction to modular programming, function
definition and calling, stack rolling and unrolling, string and string operations,
pointers/references, static and dynamic memory allocation, File I/O operations.

 

Textbook: “The C Programming Language”, by Brain W. Kernighan & Dennis M. Ritchie

Reference Books:

1. Starting out with Python, 4th Edition, Tony Gaddis

2. Starting out with Programming Logic & Degins, 4th Edition, Tony Gaddis,

3. Object Oriented Programming in C++ by Robert Lafore
4. Introduction to Computation and Programming Using Python: With Application to
Understanding Data, 2nd Edition by Guttag, John
5. Practice of Computing Using Python, 3rd Edition by William Punch & Richard
Enbody
6. C How to Program, 7th Edition by Paul Deitel & Harvey Deitel
7. Problem Solving and Program Design in C++, 7th Edition by Jeri R. Hanly & Elliot
B. Koffman

Introduction: This course is an introductory level undergraduate Programming Fundamentals course. The course covers fundamentals of programming languages. After completing this course a student will be able to understand basic problem solving steps and logic constructs, apply basic programming concepts, design and implement algorithms to solve real world problems.The course is interesting and unique although difficult in a sense that the baseline of the subject is the certainty of the certainty.

 

Course help and support: The instructor will be available in the class from 10:30am to 12:00 pm on Monday, Tuesday and in Lab from 12:00pm-01:30pm on Monday and 2:00pm-3:30pm on Tuesday in case any student or group of students needs help in the course content or assignment. A student or group of students can also schedule time with the instructor.

 

Grading Policy: As per the University grading policy the final grade will be given as per the following distribution:

 

Final term

50%

Midterm

30%

Internal points

20%

 

Note: Every week the instructor will give an assignment and a quiz and can also give some extra reading or presentation etc. The internal marks will be totally based on those activities.

The internal points maybe distributed as; 6 points for quizzes, 6 points for two tests (each with 3 points), 7 points for assignments and one point for presentation. (Any department or instructor can modify the internal points as per the requirement of the course).

 

Attendance Policy: The Department of IT requires minimum of 85% attendance for a course. The department strictly follows the policy and in case of emergency a student is required to freeze the semester to avoid any complications, where the details of freezing can be asked from the Semester Coordinator or Head/Incharge of the Department, Dr. Naeem.

 

Disability Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology recognizes the potentials of people with disabilities and treats them as special people and ensures their access to equal participation in education and university activities. Any person with disability may discuss with the concerned Head for his needs and the university will try its level best to fulfill the needs within the limited resources of the university.

Nondiscrimination Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology prohibits discrimination against any member of the University community on the basis of socioeconomic status, family background, race, religion, color, gender, age, mother tongue, national origin or ancestry, genetic information, marital status, parental status, and disability. In case any member of the university community feels that s/he has been discriminated by any person on campus can approach to Prof. Dr. Iqbal Shah, Academic Advisor to the Vice-Chancellor and all such cases may be with dealt great care and extreme confidentiality.

 

WEEKLY CHAPTER WISE TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF THE COURSE

Week 1

Introduction to problem solving, Von Nueman Architecture, Computer Organization, Data Hierarchy, programming languages, The C programming language, Development Environment (IDE), Role of compiler & Linker,

Assignment#1

Week 2

Introduction to Algorithms, Basic Program Structure, Basic Data Types, How to Learn a programming language, Constants, Types of Constants, Rules to Construct Constants,

Week 3

Variables, Types, Rules to write variable name Keywords, escape sequences, format specifiers, comments, Operators in C, Type Conversion, Types of statements in C, Program Nature, Input/ Output Constructs, Arithmetic instructions, Type Declaration Instructions, Control Instructions, How to use them in a program?

Week 4

Conditional Statements and Execution flow for conditional statements, (i) if statement, (ii). If-else statement (iii). Nested if-else statement, Logical Operators and their usage in conditional statements, Conditional Operators

Week 5

Repetitive Statements: for loop, while loop, do-while loop,

Week 6

break statement, continue statement

Week 7

Case Control Structure: Decision Using Switch, Switch Vs if-else

Functions and Usage:

What is a Function , why we use function, Built-in functions and User-defined functions

Week 8

Functions Calling, Call by value, call by reference, concept of pointers Using Library Functions

Week 9

Mid Term

Week 10

Lists and their memory organization, types of arrays and their usage, pointers & one-dimensional and two-dimensional arrays,

Week 11

Passing arrays to functions, String and string operations, passing strings to functions,

Week 12

Structures, structures and functions

Week 13

Static and Dynamic Memory Allocation, to understand dynamic allocation and new operator, pointers as function parameters

Week 14

File Handling:

Introduction to file Input and Output, Using Loops to Process File

Week 15

Using files and arrays, Processing records, Control Break

Week 16

Projects Presentation

Week 17

Exam Preparation

Week 18

Final Term

Note: The instructor will try his best to follow the schedule but in case of unusual vacations etc., extra classes will be taught to cover the course.


ABBOTTABAD UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY

Department of Computer Science

Course Outline

 

Course name:

Software Verification & Validation

Semester:  

FALL 2020

Prerequisites:

Intro to Software Engineering

Course Instructor:

Sidra Zubair

Course Code:

 

Class Duration:

1.5 hr

                                                                     Class Timings

 

Day

Time

Location

Class

 

Wednesday

2:00PM-3:30PM

IT Room#1

 

BSSE-7th

 

Friday

10:00AM-11:30AM

Project LAB

 

 

 

 

 

 

Course Objectives:

This course is about the verification and validation of software systems. Students will learn the importance of the two processes and how the different testing techniques are applied in software development lifecycle. What is the importance of verification and validation in software projects. After completing this course students will be able to apply testing techniques on their final year projects and can also implement testing later in an industry.

Course Outline:

Introduction to software quality assurance, The Quality Challenge, Quality Control v/s Quality Assurance, Quality Assurance in Software Projects, Principles and Practices, Quality Management, Quality Assurance and Standards, Quality Planning and Quality Control, Verification and Validation, Planning Verification and Validation, Critical System Validation, Reliability Validation, Safety Assurance, Security assessment, Inspections and reviews, Principles of software validation, Software verification, Planning for Software Quality Assurance, Software Quality Assurance (SQA) Plans, SQA-Organizational Level Initiatives, SQA Planning (Observations, Numbers, Results), Software Testing, Specification based test construction techniques, White-box and grey-box testing, Others comprehensive software testing techniques for SDLC, Control flow oriented test construction techniques, Data flow oriented test construction techniques, Clean-room approach to quality assurance, Product Quality and Process Quality, Standards for process quality and standards for product quality, Walkthroughs and Inspections, Structure, Checklist, Audits, Roles and Responsibilities (Reviews, Inspections, etc), How to make Reviews and Inspections most effective.

Text book:

1.      Software Quality Engineering: Testing, Quality Assurance, and Quantifiable Improvement”, by Jeff Tian, John-Wiley & sons, 2005 (or Latest Edition).

2.      Software Testing in the Real World: Improving the Process, Kit, Edward, Addison-Wesley, 1998 (or Latest Edition).

Reference material:

1.       Fundamentals of Software Testing, Bernard Hom, Wiley, 2012, (or Latest Edition).

2.       “Software Quality Assurance: Principles and Practice”, Nina S. Godbole, Alpha Science, 2004 (or Latest Edition).

3.       Perfect Software: And other illusions about testing, Gerald M. Weinberg, Dorest House, 2008 (or Latest Edition).

Note: Abbottabad UST strongly believes in the quality of instructions and hence the teaching/learning of the textbook is mandatory and if any student feels that the instructor is not following the textbook according to the course outline may contact the Academic Advisor.

 

Course help and support: The instructor will be available in the class from 11:30am to 12:30 pm on Monday, Wednesday and Friday in case any student or group of students needs help in the course content or assignment. A student or group of student can also schedule time with the instructor.

 

Grading Policy: As per the University grading policy the final grade will be given as per the following distribution:

 

Final term

50%

Midterm

30%

Internal points

20%

 

Attendance Policy: The Department of IT requires minimum of 75% attendance for a course. The department strictly follows the policy and in case of emergency a student is required to freeze the semester to avoid any complications, where the details of freezing can be asked from the Semester Coordinator or Head/Incharge of the Department, Dr. Naeem.

 

Disability Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology recognizes the potentials of people with disabilities and treats them as special people and ensures their access to equal participation in education and university activities. Any person with disability may discuss with the concerned Head for his needs and the university will try its level best to fulfill the needs within the limited resources of the university.

Nondiscrimination Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology prohibits discrimination against any member of the University community on the basis of socioeconomic status, family background, race, religion, color, gender, age, mother tongue, national origin or ancestry, genetic information, marital status, parental status, and disability. In case any member of the university community feels that s/he has been discriminated by any person on campus can approach to, Academic Advisor to the Vice-Chancellor and all such cases may be with dealt great care and extreme confidentiality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

WEEKLY CHAPTER WISE TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF THE COURSE

Week 1

·         Introduction to Software Verification & Validation

·         Course Introduction

·         Weekly Breakdown

·         Need of Software Verification & Validation

·         Introduction to Software Testing

·         Adverse Effects of Faulty Software

Specification Rules

Introduction to software quality assurance,

The Quality Challenge, Quality Control v/s Quality Assurance

Week 2

·         Software Process Models with testing perspectives

·         Efforts in Software Testing

·         Testing Document

·         Software Project Staff

·         Testing Axioms

Assignment#1: Testing Report of any Software System

Quality Assurance in Software Projects (Phases),

Principles and Practices, Quality Management,

Week 3

Quality Assurance and Standards,

Quality Planning and Quality Control

Week 4

Software verification

 Planning for Software Quality Assurance, Software Quality Assurance (SQA) Plans,

Week 5

SQA-Organizational Level Initiatives, SQA Planning (Observations, Numbers, Results)

Verification and Validation ,Planning Verification and Validation,

Week 6

Verification and Validation Perspectives

Quality Engineering

Week 7

Quality Engineering (cont..)

Testing Concepts

Week 8

Testing Concepts (Cont…)

Issues and Techniques of Testing

Week 9

Mid Term

Week 10

Critical System Validation

Safety Assurance

Week 11

Reliability Validation

Security assessment

Week 12

Principles of software validation

Inspections and reviews, How to make Reviews and Inspections most effective?

Week 13

Software Testing: Specification based test construction techniques

Week 14

White-box and grey-box testing,

Others comprehensive software testing techniques for SDLC

Week 15

Control flow oriented test construction techniques,

Data flow oriented test construction techniques

Week 16

Clean-room approach to quality assurance

Product Quality and Process Quality

Week 17

Standards for process quality and standards for product quality,

Walkthroughs and Inspections, Structure, Checklist, Audits, Roles and Responsibilities

Week 18

Roles and Responsibilities (Reviews,
Inspections, etc)

Week 19

Final Exam

Note: Teacher will follow the schedule but in case of unusual vacations etc., extra classes will be arranged to cover the course.


Course Outline:

Introduction to Data Science, Data Science Life cycle & Process (Asking Right
Questions, Obtaining Data, Understanding Data, Building Predictive Models, Generating
Visualizations) For Building Data Products, Introduction to Data (Types of Data and
Datasets), Data Quality (Measurement and Data Collection Issues), Data pre-processing
Stages (Aggregation, Sampling, Dimensionality Reduction, Feature subset selection,
Feature creation etc.), Algebraic & Probabilistic View of Data, Introduction to Python
Data Science Stack (Python, Numpy, Pandas, Matplotlib), Relational Algebra & SQL,
Scraping & Data Wrangling (assessing, structuring, cleaning & munging of data), Basic
Descriptive & Exploratory Data Analysis, Introduction to Text Analysis (Stemming,
Lemmatization, Bag of Words, TF-IDF), Introduction to Prediction and Inference
(Supervised & Unsupervised) Algorithms, Introduction to Scikit Learn, Bias-Variance
Tradeoff, Model Evaluation & Performance Metrics (Accuracy, Contingency Matrix,
Precision-Recall, F-1 Score, Lift, etc.), Introduction to Map-Reduce paradigm
.


Course Outline:

Basic Definitions & Concepts, Hardware: Computer Systems & Components. Storage Devices, Number Systems, Software: Operating Systems, Programming and Application Software, Introduction to Programming, Databases and Information Systems, Networks, Data Communication, The Internet, Browsers and Search Engines, The Internet: Email, Collaborative Computing and Social Networking, The Internet: E-Commerce, IT Security and other issues, Project Week, Review Week.


ABBOTTABAD UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Department of Information technology

Course Outline

 

Course name:

Software Design & Architecture

Semester:  

FALL 2020

Prerequisites

Software Requirement Engineering

Course Instructor:

Sidra Zubair

Credit Hours:           

2+1

Class Duration:

 

1 hr

 

 

Course Code:

 

 

 

                                                                     Class Timings

 

Day

Time

Location

Class

 

Tuesday

9:00AM-10:00AM

NPF#2

 

BSSE-6th

 

Friday

2:00PM-3:00PM

IT Room#1

 

 

Course Objectives:

This course covers the techniques of software product design and software engineering design. Course has been divided into two major portions, i-e, software product design and Software Engineering Design. After completing this course, a student will be able to

Ø  Understand the role of design and its major activities within the OO software development process, with focus on the Unified process.

Ø  Comprehend the advantages of consistent and reliable software design.

Ø  Design OOD models and refine them to reflect implementation details

Ø  Apply and use UML to visualize and document the design of software systems.

 

Course Outline:

Introduction to the discipline of design, generic design processes, and design management; software product design, including analysis activities such as needs elicitation and documentation, requirements development activities such as requirements specification and validation, prototyping, and use case modelling; engineering design analysis, including conceptual modelling and both architectural and detailed design; survey of patterns in software design, including architectural styles and common mid-level design patterns.

Text book:

1.“Introduction to Software Engineering Design: Processes, Principles and Patterns with UML2”, by Christopher Fox, Addison-Wesley Professional, 2006 (or Latest Edition).

2. Software Engineering Design: Theory and Practice, Carlos Otero, CRC Press, 2012 (or Latest Edition).

 

Reference material:

1. Software Architecture and Design Illuminated, Kai Qian, Xiang Fu, Lixin Tao, Chong-Wei Xu, Jorge L. Diaz-Herrera, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1st Edition, 2009 (or Latest Edition).
2. Software Engineering Techniques: Design for Quality, Krzysztof Sacha, Springer, 2006 (or Latest Edition).

Note: Abbottabad UST strongly believes in the quality of instructions and hence the teaching/learning of the textbook is mandatory and if any student feels that the instructor is not following the textbook according to the course outline may contact the Academic Advisor.

 

Course help and support: The instructor will be available in the class from 12:30pm to 1:30 pm on Monday, Wednesday and 11:30am-12:30pm on Friday in case any student or group of students needs help in the course content or assignment. A student or group of student can also schedule time with the instructor.

 

Grading Policy: As per the University grading policy the final grade will be given as per the following distribution:

 

Final term

50%

Midterm

30%

Internal points

20%

 

 

 

Attendance Policy: The Department of IT requires minimum of 75% attendance for a course. The department strictly follows the policy and in case of emergency a student is required to freeze the semester to avoid any complications, where the details of freezing can be asked from the Semester Coordinator or Head/Incharge of the Department, Dr. Naeem.

 

Disability Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology recognizes the potentials of people with disabilities and treats them as special people and ensures their access to equal participation in education and university activities. Any person with disability may discuss with the concerned Head for his needs and the university will try its level best to fulfill the needs within the limited resources of the university.

Nondiscrimination Policy:

Abbottabad University of Science & Technology prohibits discrimination against any member of the University community on the basis of socioeconomic status, family background, race, religion, color, gender, age, mother tongue, national origin or ancestry, genetic information, marital status, parental status, and disability. In case any member of the university community feels that s/he has been discriminated by any person on campus can approach to the Academic Advisor/ to the Vice-Chancellor and all such cases may be with dealt great care and extreme confidentiality.

 

WEEKLY CHAPTER WISE TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF THE COURSE

Week 1

Subject Importance, Introduction to Subject, Course Contents & Breakdown, Introduction to Software Engineering Design, Software Architecture Design, Software Detailed Design and HCI Design

Week 2

Roles of the Software Designer, Software Design Fundamentals, Software Design Principles, Software Design Strategies

Week 3

Principles of Software Architecture: Identifying the System’s Major Components and Interfaces, Evaluating and Validating the Architecture, Problem Solving in Software Architecture,

Week 4

Principles of Software Architecture: Software Architecture Process ,Designing the Architecture, Designing Logical Architectural Elements Using Data Flows

Week 5

Principles of Software Architecture:, Designing Logical Architectural Elements Using Styles and Pattern, Evaluating the Architecture

Week 6

Patterns & Styles in Software Architecture: Architectural Pattern Classification , Data Centered systems, data flow systems,

Week 7

Patterns & Styles in Software Architecture: Distributed systems, Interactive systems

Week 8

Ch#5: Principles of Detailed Design: Detailed Design Process, Understanding the Architecture and Requirements

Week 9

Mid Term

Week 10

Ch#5: Principles of Detailed Design: Creating Detailed Designs(Interface Design, Designing Internal Structure of Components)

Week 11

Ch#5: Design Principles for Internal Component Design, Programming Styles in Detailed Design

Week 12

Ch#5:, Modeling Internal Behavior of Components, Document the Software Design, Monitor and Control Implementation

Week 13

Ch#6:Creational Design Patterns in Detailed Design,

Week 14

Ch#6:Creational Design Patterns in Detailed Design (Cont..)

Week 15

Ch#7:Structural Patterns in Detailed Design

Week 16

Ch#7: Behavioral Patterns in Detailed Design

Week 17

Ch#8: Principles of Construction Design

Week 18

Final Term

Note: The instructor will try his best to follow the schedule but in case of unusual vacations etc., extra classes will be taught to cover the course.


Abbottabad University of Science & Technology 

Department of Computer Science 

Course Plan for Fall 2020 

Course: Simulation & Modeling Semester: SE 5th Teacher Name: Muhammad Zubair Tahir Signature:_________________


Months 

Weeks 

Major Topics

September 

Week 1


Week 2


Week 3


Week 4 

Introduction to Models

October 

Week 5 

⮚ Introduction to simulations 

⮚ Model classification 

⮚ Introduction to System 

⮚ Assignment

Week 6 

Introduction of System Analysis 

⮚ Importance 

⮚ Complex Systems 

⮚ System Engineering 

⮚ Discuss issues

Week 7 

⮚ Introduction of Advance Models 

⮚ Tools used for modeling 

⮚ System Classifications 

⮚ Assignment

Week 8 

⮚ System Theory 

⮚ System simulations 

⮚ Simulations Models 

⮚ Simulations Models Levels

November 

Week 9 

⮚ Principals of Simulation system 

⮚ Principal of Simulation systems design 

⮚ Presentation

Week 10 

⮚ Parallel process modeling 

⮚ Finite automata in modeling 

⮚ Model of queuing system 

⮚ Assignment

Week11 

⮚ Discrete Simulation models 

⮚ Model timing 

⮚ Simulation Experiment controlling 

⮚ Assignment

Week 12 

⮚ Introduction to numerical models 

⮚ Overview for continues models 

⮚ Presentation

December 

Week 13 

Quiz

Week 14 

Presentation

Week 15


Week 16 

⮚ Terminal Examination




Abbottabad University of Science & Technology 

Department of Computer Science 

Course Plan for Spring 2020 

Course: Data Structure & Algorithm Semester: SE 3rd Teacher Name: Muhammad Zubair Tahir Signature:_________________


Months 

Weeks 

Major Topics

September 

Week 1


Week 2


Week 3


Week 4 

Introduction to Data Structure

October 

Week 5 

⮚ Importance of Data Structure 

⮚ Different Data Structures 

⮚ Examples & Implementation  

⮚ Assignment

Week 6 

Introduction of Algorithm 

⮚ Importance 

⮚ Notations 

⮚ Writing Algorithm  

⮚ Assignment

Week 7 

Complexity 

⮚ Introduction of complexity 

⮚ Types of Complexity 

⮚ Time Complexity 

⮚ Assignment

Week 8 

⮚ Introduction to Big O  

⮚ Introduction to Big Ω 

⮚ Introduction to Big Ꝋ

November 

Week 9 

⮚ Introduction to Small o 

⮚ Introduction to Small ꞷ 

⮚ Assignment

Week 10 

⮚ Presentation

Week11 

⮚ Implementation in other application 

⮚ Assignment

Week 12 

⮚ Problem solving 

⮚ Space complexity 

⮚ Space utilization 

December 

Week 13 

Quiz

Week 14 

Presentation

Week 15


Week 16 

⮚ Terminal Examination




Course outline for Programming Fundamentals

Department of Computer Science, Abbottabad UST

 

Course name:

Programming Fundamentals (3+1)

Semester:  

Fall 2020

Prerequisites:

NA

Course code:

CSC 112

Class timings (3 hours for Theory, 3 hours for Lab per week):

 

Days

Time

Room

Tuesdays

09:00 AM to 10: 30 AM

Computer Lab 1

Wednesdays

09:00 AM to 10:30 AM

Lecture Room 4

Thursdays

09:00 AM to 12:00 PM

Computer Lab 1

 Course Instructor:

Dr. Muhammad Naeem

 

 

 

Reference Books:

1.      C++: The Complete Reference, 4th Edition by Herbert Schildt

2.      C++ Primer, 5th Edition by Stanley B. Lippman, Josee Lajoie, and Barbara E. Moo

3.      Object Oriented Programming in C++ by Robert Lafore

4.      Problem Solving and Program Design in C++, 7th Edition by Jeri R. Hanly & Elliot B. Koffman

5.      Starting out with Python, 4th Edition by Tony Gaddis.

6.      The C Programming Language, 2nd Edition by Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie

7.      Introduction to Computation and Programming Using Python: With Application to Understanding Data, 2nd Edition by Guttag, John

8.      Practice of Computing Using Python, 3rd Edition by William Punch & Richard Enbody

9.      C How to Program, 7th Edition by Paul Deitel & Harvey Deitel

Note: Abbottabad UST strongly believes in the quality of instructions and hence the teaching/learning of the textbook is mandatory and if any student feels that the instructor is not following the textbook according to the course outline may contact the Chairman of the department.

Introduction: This course is an introductory level undergraduate Programming Fundamentals course. The course covers fundamentals of programming languages. After completing this course a student will be able to understand basic problem solving steps and logic constructs, apply basic programming concepts, design and implement algorithms to solve real world problems. The course is interesting and unique although difficult in a sense that the baseline of the subject is the certainty of the certainty.

Course Contents: Introduction to problem solving, a brief review of Von-Neumann architecture, Introduction to programming, role of compiler and linker, introduction to algorithms, basic data types and variables, input/output constructs, arithmetic, comparison and logical operators, conditional statements and execution flow for conditional statements, repetitive statements and execution flow for repetitive statements, lists and their memory organization, multi-dimensional lists, introduction to modular programming, function definition and calling, stack rolling and unrolling, string and string operations, pointers/references, static and dynamic memory allocation, File I/O operations.

Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs): At the end of the course the students will be able to:

1.      Understand basic problem solving steps and logic constructs

2.      Apply basic programming concepts

3.      Design and implement algorithms to solve real world problems

Teaching Methodology: Lectures, Written Assignments, Practical labs, Semester Project, Presentations

Course Assessment: Midterm Exam, Home Assignments, Quizzes, Project, Presentations, Final Exam

Course Help and Support: The instructor will be available in his office for help from 02:30 PM to 04:30 PM throughout the week in case the student/s needs help regarding this course. A student or group of students can also schedule time with the instructor for further guidance.

Grading Policy: As per the University grading policy the final grade will be given as per the following distribution:

Final term

50%

Midterm

30%

Internal points

20%

Total

100%

Note: Every week the instructor will give an assignment and a quiz and can also give some extra reading or presentation etc. The internal marks will be totally based on those activities. The internal points maybe distributed as; 6 points for quizzes, 6 points for two tests (each with 3 points), 7 points for assignments and one point for presentation. (Any department or instructor can modify the internal points as per the requirement of the course).

Attendance Policy: The Department of CS requires minimum of 75% attendance for a course. The department strictly follows the policy and in case of emergency a student is required to freeze the semester to avoid any complications, where the details of freezing can be asked from the respective Program Coordinator of Department of Computer Science.

Disability Policy: Abbottabad UST recognizes the potentials of people with disabilities and treats them as special people and ensures their access to equal participation in education and university activities. Any person with disability may discuss with the concerned Head for their needs and the university will try its level best to fulfill the needs within the limited resources of the university.

Nondiscrimination Policy: Abbottabad UST prohibits discrimination against any member of the University community on the basis of socioeconomic status, family background, race, religion, color, gender, age, mother tongue, national origin or ancestry, genetic information, marital status, parental status, and disability. In case any member of the university community feels that they have been discriminated by any person on campus can approach to departmental chairman, all such cases may be with dealt great care and extreme confidentiality.

Week-wise Course Breakdown: The instructor will try his best to follow the schedule mentioned below, but in case of any unusual circumstances like vacations etc., extra classes will be arranged to cover the deficiency in the course.

WEEKLY CHAPTER WISE TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF THE COURSE

Week 1

Introduction to problem solving, Von Nueman Architecture, Computer Organization, Data Hierarchy, programming languages, The C programming language, Development Environment (IDE), Role of compiler & Linker,

Assignment#1

Week 2

Introduction to Algorithms, Basic Program Structure, Basic Data Types, How to Learn a programming language, Constants, Types of Constants, Rules to Construct Constants,

Week 3

Variables, Types, Rules to write variable name Keywords, escape sequences, format specifiers, comments, Operators in C, Type Conversion, Types of statements in C, Program Nature, Input/ Output Constructs, Arithmetic instructions, Type Declaration Instructions, Control Instructions, How to use them in a program?

Week 4

Conditional Statements and Execution flow for conditional statements, (i) if statement, (ii). If-else statement (iii). Nested if-else statement, Logical Operators and their usage in conditional statements, Conditional Operators

Week 5

Repetitive Statements: for loop, while loop, do-while loop,

Week 6

break statement, continue statement

Week 7

Case Control Structure: Decision Using Switch, Switch Vs if-else

Functions and Usage:

What is a Function , why we use function, Built-in functions and User-defined functions

Week 8

Functions Calling, Call by value, call by reference, concept of pointers Using Library Functions, Assigning Projects

Week 9

Mid Term

Week 10

Lists and their memory organization, types of arrays and their usage, pointers & one-dimensional and two-dimensional arrays,

Week 11

Passing arrays to functions, String and string operations, passing strings to functions,

Week 12

Structures, structures and functions

Week 13

Static and Dynamic Memory Allocation, to understand dynamic allocation and new operator, pointers as function parameters

Week 14

File Handling:

Introduction to file Input and Output, Using Loops to Process File

Week 15

Using files and arrays, Processing records, Control Break

Week 16

Projects Presentation

Week 17

Exam Preparation

Week 18

Final Term

 

During semester the following course breakdown was followed

Week 1

Introduction to problem solving, Von Neumann Architecture, Computer Organization, Data Hierarchy, programming languages, The C programming language, Development Environment (IDE), Role of compiler & Linker

Week 2

Introduction to Algorithms, Basic Program Structure, Basic Data Types, How to Learn a programming language, Constants, Types of Constants, Rules to Construct Constants

Week 3

Variables, Types, Rules to write variable name Keywords, escape sequences, format specifiers, comments, Operators in C, Type Conversion, Types of statements in C, Program Nature, Input/ Output Constructs, Arithmetic instructions, Type Declaration Instructions, Control Instructions, How to use them in a program?

Week 4

Conditional Statements and Execution flow for conditional statements, (i) if statement, (ii). If-else statement (iii). Nested if-else statement, Logical Operators and their usage in conditional statements, Conditional Operators

Week 5

Repetitive Statements: for loop, while loop, do-while loop,

Week 6

Case Control Structure: Decision Using Switch, Switch Vs if-else,

break statement, continue statement

Week 7

Functions and Usage:

What is a Function , why we use function, Built-in functions and User-defined functions, Functions Calling, Call by value, call by reference

Week 8

Concept of pointers Using Library Functions, Arrays, types of arrays and the use of arrays in different examples, Assigning Semester Projects

Week 9

Passing arrays to functions, String and string operations, passing strings to functions

Week 10

Midterm Examinations Fall 2020

Week 11

Structures, structures and functions

Week 12

Lists and their memory organization

Week 13

Static and Dynamic Memory Allocation, to understand dynamic allocation and new operator, pointers as function parameters

Week 14

File Handling:

Introduction to file Input and Output, Using Loops to Process File

Week 15

Using files and arrays, Processing records, Control Break

Week 16

Projects Presentation

Week 17

Exam Preparation

Week 18

Final Term

Course Objectives: Calculus serves as the foundation of advanced subjects in all areas of mathematics. This is the first course of Calculus. The objective of this course is to introduce students to the fundamental concepts of limit, continuity, differential and integral calculus of functions of one variable. 

Course Outline:

Equations and inequalities: Solving linear and quadratic equations, linear inequalities. Division of polynomials, synthetic division. Roots of a polynomial, rational roots; Descartes rule of signs. Solutions of equations with absolute value sign. Solution of linear and non-linear inequalities with absolute value sign.

Functions and graphs: Domain and range of a function. Polynomial, rational, piecewise defined functions, absolute value functions. Operations with functions: sum, product, quotient and composition. Graphs of functions: linear, quadratic, piecewise defined functions. Lines and systems of equations: Equation of a straight line, slope and intercept of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines. Systems of linear equations. Solution of system of linear equations. Nonlinear systems; at least one quadratic equation. 

Limits and continuity: Functions, limit of a function. Graphical approach. Properties of limits. Theorems of limits. Limits of polynomials, rational and transcendental functions. Limits at infinity, infinite limits, one-sided limits. Continuity. 

Derivatives: Definition, techniques of differentiation. Derivatives of polynomials and rational, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions. The chain rule. Implicit differentiation. Rates of change in natural and social sciences. Related rates. Linear approximations and differentials. Higher derivatives, Leibnitz’s theorem.

Applications of derivatives: Increasing and decreasing functions. Relative extrema and optimization. First derivative test for relative extrema. Convexity and point of inflection. The second derivative test for extrema. Curve sketching. Mean value theorems. Indeterminate forms and L’Hopitals rule. Inverse functions and their derivatives.

Integration: Anti derivatives and integrals. Riemann sums and the definite integral. Properties of Integral. The fundamental theorem of calculus. The substitution rule.

Main Text:

1. Thomas, Calculus, 11th Edition. Addison Wesley Publishing Company , 2005.

2. J. Stewart, Calculus early transcendentals, 7th Edition, Brooks/COLE, 2008.

Reference Books:

1. H. Anton, I. Bevens, S. Davis, Calculus, 8th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005.

2. Hughes-Hallett, Gleason, McCallum, et. al., Calculus Single and Multivariable, 3rd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2002.

3. Frank A. Jr, Elliott Mendelson, Calculus, Schaum’s outlines series, 4th Edition, 1999.

4. C.H. Edward and E.D Penney, Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Prentice Hall, Inc. 1988.

5. E.W. Swokowski, Calculus with Analytic Geometry, PWS Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts, 1983.

OBJECTIVES

  • To know about the applications of the science of microbiology in the different fields of life.
  • The course may initiate students' interest in agricultural, industrial and/or environmental microbiology.

Course Detail

  • Structure and chemical composition of nucleic acid. Role of RNA, DNA in protein synthesis.
  • Mode of reproduction: Cell division (prokaryote), mitosis and meiosis (eukaryote), bacterial mutation and variation. Introduction to the genetical intermixing of bacteria including transformation, transduction and conjugation.
  • Introduction to metabolism and role of phosphorus in energy transfer.
  • Glycolysis and T.C.A. cycle.
  • Microbiology of water and wastewaters. Water as a source of infection and methods of water purification. Methods of sewage treatment and disposal.
  • Introduction to food and dairy microbiology. Methods of food preservation.
  • Differentiation between food intoxication and food-infection.
  • Microbiology of soil with particular reference to nitrogen cycle.
  • Microbiology of air.

RESEARCH PLANNING AND SCIENTIFIC WRITING

Syllabus Outline:

An Introduction; Perception of Research and its types

Formulating a research problem, Review of literature , Formulating a research problem

Identifying variables, Constructing hypothesis, Research design and its types, Selecting a study design, Constructing an instrument for data collection/Methods of Data Collection, Establishing the validity and reliability of your instrument, Selecting a sample/Sampling Design

• Writing a research Proposal

• Data collection and ethical issues

• Processing and analysis of data (Statistical analysis) using different softwares

• Presentation/Displaying of data

Thesis (dissertation) and research article write up

Recommended Books

Laake , et al (2007) Research Methodology in the Medical and Biological Sciences, Elsevier Ltd.

Ranjit , K. (2005) Research Methodology; A step by step guide for Beginners, SAGE Publications. London. Thousand

Oaks. New Dehli

Kothari, C. R. (2004) Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques. 2nd Edition, New Age International (Pvt.) Ltd.

Functional analysis plays a vital role in the applied sciences as well as mathematics itself. The functional analytical results have important applications in various fields, for example, linear algebra, ordinary partial differential equations, partial differential equations, calculus of variation, approximation theory and particular in linear integral equations.  The aim of this course is to extend the methods of linear algebra and analysis to spaces of functions. In which the interaction between algebra and analysis allows powerful methods to be developed.  


ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 119

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)


ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 117

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)


ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 116

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)



ISLAMIC STUDIES

Course Code: IRS 115

 

 

Objectives:

 

This course is aimed at:

1         To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies

2         To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization

 

3         To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships

 

4         To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

 

Detail of Courses:

 

Introduction to Quran Studies

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Quran

 

2)      History of Quran

 

3)      Uloom-ul -Quran

 

Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286)

 

2)        Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18)

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11)

 

4)      Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77)

 

5)      Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)

 

Study of Selected Text of Holy Quran

 

1)      Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.)

 

2)      Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment

 

3)      Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No-1,14)

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) I

 

1)      Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood)

 

2)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah

 

Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II

 

1)      Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina

 

2)      Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina

 

3)      Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina


 

 


Introduction to Sunnah

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Hadith

 

2)      History of Hadith

 

3)      Kinds of Hadith

 

4)      Uloom –ul-Hadith

 

5)      Sunnah & Hadith

 

6)      Legal Position of Sunnah

 

Selected Study from Text of Hadith

 

Introduction to Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

2)      History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

3)      Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence

 

4)      Nature of Differences in Islamic Law

 

5)      Islam and Sectarianism

 

Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

2)      Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

3)      Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization

 

4)      Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues

 

Islam & Science

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islam & Science

 

2)      Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science

 

3)      Quran & Science

 

Islamic Economic System

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System

 

2)      Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics

 

3)      Islamic Concept of Riba

 

4)      Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce

 

Political System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System

 

2)      Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

 

3)      Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam

 

Islamic History

 

1)      Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida

 

2)      Period of Ummayyads

 

3)      Period of Abbasids


 

Social System of Islam

 

1)      Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam

 

2)      Elements Of Family

 

3)      Ethical Values Of Islam

 

Reference Books:

 

1)           Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad

 

2)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State

 

3)            Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam

 

4)           Mulana Muhammad YousafIslahi,”

 

5)            Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

6)            Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993)

 

7)            Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jurisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982)

 

8)            H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989)

 

9)            Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia”Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)



Course Outline:

 

1.                  The War of Independence of 1857 and its impact

 

a.      British, Hindu and Muslim responses

b.      Rise of Aligarh Movement and Muslim nationalism

c.       (i)  Foundation of Congress

(ii)    Muslim response to Congress

(iii)Urdu-Hindi controversy

(iv)  Muslim Political Organizations (1858-1947)


Research Methodology

The aim of this course is to familiarize the students with:

i) The philosophy of science (on which research methodology is based

ii) Methods of social science research

iii) The presentation of results (writing of research reports, papers, dissertations and onographs)

The Philosophy of Science:

The following subjects will be introduced:

a) Rationalism-Deductive and inductive logic

b) Empiricism-Criticism on empiricism

c) Positivism-Compete and the early positivists

d) Logical positivism-Vienna circle and modifications

e) The concepts of Weber, Russel, Wittgenstein, Popper and Kuhn

f) Beyond positivism–relativism-post-modernist approaches

g) Epistemology and the nature of the social sciences

h) Research perspectives such as realism and grounded research theory

Marxism, feminism, the role of positivism in research and other relevant theoretical perspectives for social science research etc. etc.

Methods of Social Sciences Research:

a) Research design and preliminary steps towards research

b) Observation

c) Hypothesis formation

d) Operationalization – variables

e) Verification - validity

f) Questionnaires, schedules and interviews

g) Sampling - random and non-random sampling

h) Book Review

i) The use of primary and secondary sources in research

j) Ethnographic research methods

k) Focused Group Discussion (FGD)

The Presentation of Results:

a) Results may be presented in the form of research reports, papers, discussions, monographs and books. Students will be taught the basic principles of writing research report and papers under the following heads. Literature survey; clear exposition of the research problem, hypothesis, Research Questions, Review of Literature, Research Objectives, operational definition; preparation of research proposal, the language of research reports; some dos and don’ts of research writing; the endnote/footnote methods of documentation; the author-date method of documentation; how to prepare a bibliography, proofreading and editing.

b) Statistical Methods: Statistical methods to determine the variability and cohesion of data; to test hypotheses using tests of significance; to determine the sample size given other necessary variables; to estimate sampling error at 90, 95 and 99 per cent confidence levels.

 

Recommended Readings:

Chicago University 1992. Chicago Manual of Style.

Fowler, Floyd J. 1993. Survey Research Methods. London: Saga Publications.

Gay, L.R. and Diehl, P.O. 1999. Research Methods for Business and Management. London: Maxwell Macmillan.

Gibaldi, Joseph and Achtert, Walter S. 1995. Modern Language Association Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: MLA.

Gilreath, Charles L. 1984. Computerized Literature Searching. London & Boulder: Westview Press.

Goode, William J. and Hatt, Paul K. 1952. Methods in Social Research. New York: McGraw Hill Ltd.

Mc Neill, Patrick. 1985. Research Methods. London and New York: Routledge. This ed. 1990.

Nachmias, Chava and Nachmias, David. 1981. Research Methods in the Social Sciences. London: St. Martini’s Press.

Popper, Karl. 1959. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson. 1980 edition.

Sanford Labovitz and Robert Hagedorn. 1985. Introduction to Social Research. New York: Mc Grfaw-Hill Book Coy.

Sunders, William B and Pinhey, Thoas K. 1974. The Conduct of Social Research. New York: Holt; Rinehart and Winston.


Course Objectives: This is third course of Calculus and builds up on the concepts learned in first two courses. The students would be introduced to the vector calculus, the calculus of multivariable functions and double and triple integrals along with their applications.

Course Outlines:

Vectors and analytic geometry in space: Coordinate system. Rectangular, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. The dot product, the cross product. Equations of lines and planes. Quadric surfaces.

Vector-valued functions: Vector-valued functions and space curves. Derivatives and integrals of vector values functions. Arc length. Curvature, normal and binormal vectors.

Multivariable functions and partial derivatives: Functions of several variables. Limits and Continuity. Partial derivatives, Composition and chain rule. Directional derivatives and the gradient vector. Implicit function theorem for several variables. Maximum and minimum values. Optimization problems. Lagrange Multipliers.

Multiple integrals: Double integrals over rectangular domains and iterated integrals. Nonrectangular domains. Double integrals in polar coordinates. Triple integrals in rectangular, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Applications of double and triple integrals. Change of variables in multiple integrals.

Vector calculus: Vector fields. Line integrals. Green’s theorem. Curl and divergence. Surface integrals over scalar and vector fields. Divergence theorem. Stokes’ theorem.

Main text:

1. J. Stewart, Calculus early transcendentals, 7th Edition, Brooks/COLE, 2008.

2. Thomas, Calculus, 11th Edition. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 2005.

Reference books:

1. H. Anton, I. Bevens, S. Davis, Calculus, 8th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005.

2. Hughes-Hallett, Gleason, McCallum, et. al., Calculus Single and Multivariable, 3rd Edition.

John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2002.


Functions, Grpahs, Limit, Continuity, Derivatives, Application of Derivatives,  Integration 

This course covers overview of Computer Programming, Principles of Structured and Modular Programming, Overview of Structured Programming Languages, Algorithms and Problem Solving, Program Development: Analyzing Problem, Designing Algorithm/Solution, Testing Designed Solution, Translating Algorithms into Programs, Fundamental Programming Constructs, Data Types; Basics of Input and Output, Selection and Decision (If, If-Else, Nested If-Else, Switch Statement and Condition Operator), Repetition (While and For Loop, Do-While Loops), Break Statement, Continue Statement, Control Structures, Functions, Arrays, Pointers, Records, Files (Input-Output), Testing & Debugging.

 

WEEKLY TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF THE COURSE

 

Week

Topics

1st

Introduction to data communication, Components of Data communication

Characteristics to make communication effective, Modes of data communication,   

2nd

Networks Architecture, Types of networks PAN,LAN,MAN,WAN, Topologies

Analogue and digital Transmission, Noise, Media, Encoding, Asynchronous and Synchronous transmission

3rd

-do-

Network system architectures  OSI Model

4th

TCP/IP Model

Error Control, Flow Control, Data Link Protocols, Bridging

5th

IP Addresses , Classes  of IP Address, subnet masking, subnet and IP routing

-do-

6th

-do-

Quiz 1

7th

Classless addressing: CIDR,  Rout Aggregation with  VLSM

VLSM Scenario  Circuit Switching, Packet Switching

8th

-do-

Virtual Circuit  Connection, DSL and Variants

9th

MID TERM EXAM

10th

Cable Modem, Traditional cable networks

-do-

11th

Routing  and routing protocols

Introduction to static routing and configuration

12th

Dynamic Routing overview

Routing protocol overview

13th

Quiz 2

Identifying class of routing protocol

14th

Ethernet  and fast Ethernet (CSMA/CD)

Token ring and FDDI

15th

Wireless  LAN’s IEEE802.11

Internetworking devices and repeater

16th

Hub,  Bridges, switches and gateways

Types of switches: Store and forward, Cut through, Fragment free and Adaptive switches

17th

Presentation/ Revision

18th

FINAL TERM EXAM



WEEKLY TENTATIVE SCHEDULE OF THE COURSE


Week

Topics

1st

Introduction to Data Structure, Comparison b/w data structure,  data base, data ware house and big data,

Introduction to algorithm, importance and notations, how to write an algorithm?

Complexity: Introduction of complexity , Types of Complexity , Time Complexity

 

Introduction to Big O ,Big Ω, Big Ꝋ,  Small o ,Small ꞷ

2nd

Use of Abstract Data types by comparing with primitive data types and user define data types, use and advantages.

Implementation of ADT (Lab)

Data Structures: Arrays, operations allowed on arrays: insertion and deletion of an element

Implementation (Lab)

3rd

Searching in array: Linear Search, Binary Search

Lab

Stack, push operation in stack

Assignment 1

Lab

4th

Pop operation in stack 

Lab

Queue, Insertion operation  

Lab

5th

  Deletion operation in queue

Lab

Concept of double ended queue ,priority queue

Lab

6th

Circular queue

Lab

Linked list Pointer ,Traverse

Lab

7th

Insert from front

Lab

insert from back,

Lab

8th

insert at specific position

Lab

Delete from front, delete from back

Lab

9th

MID TERM EXAM

10th

delete from specific position

Lab

Sorting algorithms, Selection sort

Lab

11th

Insertion sort

Lab

Merge Sort, Quick sort

Lab

12th

Bubble sort

Lab

Heap sort

Lab

13th

Shell sort

Lab

Radix sort,

Lab

14th

Bucket sort

Lab

Tree and tree traversal

Lab

15th

Breadth first traversal

Lab

Depth first traversal

Lab

16th

Graphs,Shortest path

Lab

adjacency matrix and adjacency list implementations

Lab

17th

Presentation/ Revision

18th

FINAL TERM EXAM


CLO1: Knowledge

Understand key principles of requirement engineering, system modeling, software architecture, design patterns, system testing, software evolution and software reuse; differentiate the software process models and able to select the most appropriate one according to the situation.

CLO1: Analytical skills

Gather requirements for a real-world system and analyze them, create and analyze system design models using UML modeling language, evaluate their engineering tradeoffs

CLO1: Practical skills

Implement the design using most appropriate system architecture and design pattern, test the system using suitable approach and tools

CLO1: Personnel skills

Learn to work in a team, iterate through the entire software process lifecycle, demonstrate good project management and communication skills, understand ethical and professional issues and responsibilities in software engineering and the best practices